Whole-genome sequencing reveals KRTAP1-1 as a novel genetic variant associated with antidepressant treatment outcomes

Jong Ho Park, Shinn Won Lim, Woojae Myung, Inho Park, Hyeok Jae Jang, Seonwoo Kim, Min Soo Lee, Hun Soo Chang, Dong Ho Yum, Yeon Lim Suh, Jong Won Kim, Doh Kwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Achieving remission following initial antidepressant therapy in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) is an important clinical result. Making predictions based on genetic markers holds promise for improving the remission rate. However, genetic variants found in previous genetic studies do not provide robust evidence to aid pharmacogenetic decision-making in clinical settings. Thus, the objective of this study was to perform whole-genome sequencing (WGS) using genomic DNA to identify genetic variants associated with the treatment outcomes of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). We performed WGS on 100 patients with MDD who were treated with escitalopram (discovery set: 36 remitted and 64 non-remitted). The findings were applied to an additional 553 patients with MDD who were treated with SSRIs (replication set: 185 remitted and 368 non-remitted). A novel loss-of-function variant (rs3213755) in keratin-associated protein 1–1 (KRTAP1-1) was identified in this study. This rs3213755 variant was significantly associated with remission following antidepressant treatment (p = 0.0184, OR 3.09, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22–7.80 in the discovery set; p = 0.00269, OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.22–2.53 in the replication set). Moreover, the expression level of KRTAP1-1 in surgically resected human temporal lobe samples was significantly associated with the rs3213755 genotype. WGS studies on a larger sample size in various ethnic groups are needed to investigate genetic markers useful in the pharmacogenetic prediction of remission following antidepressant treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4552
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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