Vascular tortuosity of the internal carotid artery is related to the RNF213 c.14429G > A variant in moyamoya disease

Sungjae An, Tackeun Kim, Chang Wan Oh, Jae Seung Bang, Si Un Lee, Jaehyuk Heo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies have implicated RNF213 mutations in the pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD). However, the underlying mechanism of disease development is not fully elucidated. Nonetheless, a possible relationship between vascular morphology and hemodynamics related with MMD has been proposed. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationship between a variant of RNF213 and the morphology of the internal carotid artery (ICA). We enrolled bilateral MMD patients who had undergone genetic testing for RNF213. Patients were divided into mutant and wild-type groups. Six anatomy-specific three-dimensional coordinates were collected using magnetic-resonance angiography. From these, five vectors between two adjacent points and four angles between two adjacent vectors were calculated. The tortuosity was defined as the ratio between the actual and the linear length of the ICAs. Among 58 patients, 44 and 14 belonged to the mutant and wild-type groups, respectively. The tortuosity of ICAs was significantly lower in the mutant group (p = 0.010). The change in blood flow direction was more prominent in the wild-type group (p = 0.002). The tortuosity was significantly lower in MMD patients than normal controls (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that RNF213 could play a role in the lower tortuosity observed in patients with RNF213 mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8614
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Jun 2019

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Moyamoya Disease
Internal Carotid Artery
Blood Vessels
Mutation
Magnetic Resonance Angiography
Genetic Testing
Anatomy
Hemodynamics

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title = "Vascular tortuosity of the internal carotid artery is related to the RNF213 c.14429G > A variant in moyamoya disease",
abstract = "Recent studies have implicated RNF213 mutations in the pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD). However, the underlying mechanism of disease development is not fully elucidated. Nonetheless, a possible relationship between vascular morphology and hemodynamics related with MMD has been proposed. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationship between a variant of RNF213 and the morphology of the internal carotid artery (ICA). We enrolled bilateral MMD patients who had undergone genetic testing for RNF213. Patients were divided into mutant and wild-type groups. Six anatomy-specific three-dimensional coordinates were collected using magnetic-resonance angiography. From these, five vectors between two adjacent points and four angles between two adjacent vectors were calculated. The tortuosity was defined as the ratio between the actual and the linear length of the ICAs. Among 58 patients, 44 and 14 belonged to the mutant and wild-type groups, respectively. The tortuosity of ICAs was significantly lower in the mutant group (p = 0.010). The change in blood flow direction was more prominent in the wild-type group (p = 0.002). The tortuosity was significantly lower in MMD patients than normal controls (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that RNF213 could play a role in the lower tortuosity observed in patients with RNF213 mutation.",
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Vascular tortuosity of the internal carotid artery is related to the RNF213 c.14429G > A variant in moyamoya disease. / An, Sungjae; Kim, Tackeun; Oh, Chang Wan; Bang, Jae Seung; Lee, Si Un; Heo, Jaehyuk.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 9, No. 1, 13.06.2019, p. 8614.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - An, Sungjae

AU - Kim, Tackeun

AU - Oh, Chang Wan

AU - Bang, Jae Seung

AU - Lee, Si Un

AU - Heo, Jaehyuk

PY - 2019/6/13

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N2 - Recent studies have implicated RNF213 mutations in the pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD). However, the underlying mechanism of disease development is not fully elucidated. Nonetheless, a possible relationship between vascular morphology and hemodynamics related with MMD has been proposed. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationship between a variant of RNF213 and the morphology of the internal carotid artery (ICA). We enrolled bilateral MMD patients who had undergone genetic testing for RNF213. Patients were divided into mutant and wild-type groups. Six anatomy-specific three-dimensional coordinates were collected using magnetic-resonance angiography. From these, five vectors between two adjacent points and four angles between two adjacent vectors were calculated. The tortuosity was defined as the ratio between the actual and the linear length of the ICAs. Among 58 patients, 44 and 14 belonged to the mutant and wild-type groups, respectively. The tortuosity of ICAs was significantly lower in the mutant group (p = 0.010). The change in blood flow direction was more prominent in the wild-type group (p = 0.002). The tortuosity was significantly lower in MMD patients than normal controls (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that RNF213 could play a role in the lower tortuosity observed in patients with RNF213 mutation.

AB - Recent studies have implicated RNF213 mutations in the pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD). However, the underlying mechanism of disease development is not fully elucidated. Nonetheless, a possible relationship between vascular morphology and hemodynamics related with MMD has been proposed. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationship between a variant of RNF213 and the morphology of the internal carotid artery (ICA). We enrolled bilateral MMD patients who had undergone genetic testing for RNF213. Patients were divided into mutant and wild-type groups. Six anatomy-specific three-dimensional coordinates were collected using magnetic-resonance angiography. From these, five vectors between two adjacent points and four angles between two adjacent vectors were calculated. The tortuosity was defined as the ratio between the actual and the linear length of the ICAs. Among 58 patients, 44 and 14 belonged to the mutant and wild-type groups, respectively. The tortuosity of ICAs was significantly lower in the mutant group (p = 0.010). The change in blood flow direction was more prominent in the wild-type group (p = 0.002). The tortuosity was significantly lower in MMD patients than normal controls (p < 0.001). Our results indicate that RNF213 could play a role in the lower tortuosity observed in patients with RNF213 mutation.

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