Objectives: To investigate the diagnostic performance of liver stiffness (LS) measurements on two-dimensional (2D) shear wave elastography (SWE) for the assessment of hepatic fibrosis using LS measurements on MR elastography (MRE) as the reference standard and the prediction of clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH). Methods: In this prospective study, 101 patients with chronic liver disease or cirrhosis underwent both MRE and SWE. After exclusion of technical failure on MRE (n = 5), technical failure/unreliable measurement on SWE (n = 4), LS measurements obtained on SWE with the aid of propagation maps were correlated with those of the MRE using Pearson's correlation analysis. Diagnostic performances for significant fibrosis (≥F2: MRE of ≥2.99 kPa) or cirrhosis (F4: MRE of ≥3.63 kPa) and for the prediction of CSPH were assessed using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. Results: LS values on SWE showed a strong correlation with those on MRE (r = 0.846, P < 0.001). For the diagnosis of significant fibrosis or cirrhosis in patients with hepatitis B virus-related liver disease (n = 75), SWE showed areas under the ROC curves (AUC) of 0.975 and 0.912, respectively (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.910–997, and 0.824–0.965). For the prediction of CSPH, the AUC of SWE was 0.818 (95% CI, 0.712–0.898), and when an LS value of 11.5 kPa was applied as a cut-off, SWE showed a sensitivity of 81.5% and a specificity of 72.9%. Conclusion: LS measurements on 2D SWE were demonstrated to be well correlated with those obtained with MRE, and thus, may provide good diagnostic performance for the prediction of hepatic fibrosis and the presence of CSPH.
- Liver fibrosis
- Magnetic resonance elastography
- Portal hypertension