Two-dimensional Shear-Wave Elastography and US Attenuation Imaging for Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Diagnosis: A Cross-sectional, Multicenter Study

Jong Keon Jang, Eun Sun Lee, Jung Wook Seo, Youe Ree Kim, So Yeon Kim, Young Youn Cho, Dong Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Multiparametric US examination may have potential in the comprehensive evaluation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but multicenter studies are lacking. Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of multiparametric US with the attenuation coefficient (AC) from attenuation imaging (ATI) and liver stiffness (LS) and dispersion slope (DS) from two-dimensional (2D) shear-wave elastography (SWE) in a multicenter study of patients with NAFLD. Materials and Methods: This prospective study enrolled consecutive participants between December 2019 and June 2021 with suspected nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) who were scheduled to undergo liver biopsy in five tertiary hospitals. Before the procedure, all participants underwent US with ATI and 2D SWE according to the study protocol. Multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to determine the significant determinant factors for AC, LS, and DS. Diagnostic performance was decided based on the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs). Results: A total of 132 participants (median age, 38 years; IQR, 27–54 years; 69 women) were evaluated. Among the participant characteristics, including pathologic findings, demographic characteristics, body mass index, and serum markers, hepatic steatosis for AC (P , .001), lobular inflammatory activity for DS (P = .007), and both fibrosis (P = .01) and lobular inflammatory activity (P = .04) for LS were significant determinant factors. At histopathologic examination, 53 of the 132 participants (40.2%) had NASH. The risk score system obtained using unweighted sum of scores from AC and DS showed the best diagnostic performance in the detection of NASH (AUC = 0.94; 95% CI: 0.89, 0.98; P , .05 for all), as compared with serum markers or other US parameters alone (AUC ≤ 0.88). Conclusion: US attenuation imaging and two-dimensional shear-wave elastography were useful for assessing hepatic steatosis, lobular inflammation, and fibrosis. The risk score system obtained using the attenuation coefficient and dispersion slope showed the best diagnostic performance for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-126
Number of pages9
JournalRadiology
Volume305
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

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