Twenty-Year Experience With Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Early Postoperative Angiography

Ki Bong Kim, Jae Woong Choi, Se Jin Oh, Ho Young Hwang, Jun Sung Kim, Jae Sung Choi, Cheong Lim

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Abstract

Background: We have performed off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and also performed early postoperative angiography to assess anastomosis accuracy and patency in most of our patients requiring surgical revascularization. Methods: Of 3083 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting between 1998 and 2017, 2919 patients (94.7%) underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Conduits for distal anastomoses were left internal thoracic artery (n = 2764), right internal thoracic artery (n = 866), right gastroepiploic artery (n = 997), radial artery (n = 16), and saphenous vein (n = 1505). Since the introduction of transit-time flow measurement in 2000, we revised abnormal grafts intraoperatively. Early (≤7 days) angiography was performed in 2820 patients (96.6%) at 1.5 ± 1.2 postoperative days, and surgical intervention was performed based on angiographic findings. Results: Operative mortality was 1.1% (32 of 2919). Average number of distal anastomoses was 3.2 ± 1.0. Intraoperative flowmetry-guided revision for distal anastomosis failures was performed in 109 of 8585 distal anastomoses (1.3%). Angiography showed an overall patency of 98.2% (8836 of 9001): 99.0% (5484 of 5540) for arterial and 96.9% (3352 of 3461) for venous conduits (P < .001). Patency of venous conduits was 87.2% (231 of 265) for free grafts and 97.7% (3121 of 3196) for composite grafts (P = .001). After the introduction of transit-time flow measurement, patency of arterial conduits became significantly higher (97.2% vs 99.2%; P = .038); however, patency of free venous conduits was not significantly improved (86.0% vs 91.4%; P = .181). Early re-intervention according to angiographic findings was performed in 76 patients (2.7%). Reevaluation of graft patency before discharge in 31 who underwent revision of distal anastomoses showed improved patency (65.1% [56 of 86] vs 95.3% [82 of 86]; P < .001). Conclusions: Intraoperative flowmetry and revision of abnormal grafts improved early arterial graft patency, and reoperation based on early angiographic findings may further improve graft patency at the time of discharge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1119
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

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