Background: SerpinB2 is highly expressed in immune and tumor cells and is involved in multiple biological functions, including cell survival and remodeling for disease progression. This study prepared SerpinB2-deficient mice and analyzed the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) to determine if loss of this protein delays mammary tumor progression. Results: A total of 305 DEGs (75 upregulated and 230 downregulated; > 1.5-fold difference, P < 0.05) were identified in SB2−/−;PyMT tumors compared with PyMT tumors. The DEGs were mainly involved in immune and inflammatory responses related to T cell differentiation, IFN-γ production, and lymphocyte chemotaxis based on 61 enriched GO terms, hierarchical clustering, KEGG pathways, and a functionally grouped annotation network. The significantly changed DEGs (Anxa3, Ccl17, Cxcl13, Cxcr3, IFN-γ, Nr4a1, and Sema3a) annotated with at least two GO categories in SB2−/−;PyMT tumors was validated by qRT-PCR. Conclusions: SerpinB2 deficiency alters the expression of multiple genes in mammary tumors, which might cause a delay in PyMT-induced mammary tumor progression.
- Breast cancer
- Differentially expressed genes
- MMTV-PyMT transgenic mouse
- RNA sequencing
- SerpinB2-deficient mouse