Total polyp number may be more important than size and histology of polyps for prediction of metachronous high-risk colorectal neoplasms

Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim, Dong Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: To evaluate whether the risk of metachronous high-risk colorectal neoplasm (HR-CRN) differs according to the indication for surveillance colonoscopy. Methods: Patients who underwent polypectomy or endoscopic resection of colorectal neoplasms were enrolled and classified into three groups according to the indication for surveillance colonoscopy: advanced colorectal neoplasm (ACRN: adenoma ≥ 10 mm, adenoma with high-degree dysplasia and/or villous component), advanced serrated polyps (ASP: hyperplastic polyp or sessile serrated lesion ≥ 10 mm, traditional serrated polyp), and high-risk polyps (HRP: 3 or more adenomas or serrated polyps). The primary outcome was the development of metachronous HR-CRN, defined as ACRN, ASP, or HRP at the first follow-up colonoscopy. Results: In total, 367 patients were enrolled (ACRN group: N = 264; ASP group: N = 33; HRP group: N = 70). Among the 160 patients who underwent follow-up colonoscopy, 28 (18%) had HR-CRN. In univariable analysis, indication for surveillance colonoscopy was not found to be associated with the development of metachronous HR-CRN. Instead, the total polyp number at index colonoscopy showed a positive association with the risk of metachronous HR-CRN in trend analysis (p = 0.001). In multivariable analysis, the presence of 5 or more polyps at index colonoscopy was found to be associated with the risk of metachronous HR-CRN (OR, 2.575, p = 0.049) after adjusting for risk factors, such as obesity, diabetes, and smoking. Conclusions: The risk of metachronous HR-CRN did not differ according to the main indications for surveillance colonoscopy. The presence of 5 or more polyps at index colonoscopy was the only risk factor for metachronous HR-CRN.

Original languageEnglish
Article number91
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Colorectal neoplasm
  • Metachronous
  • Risk factors

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