Topical treatment with a cathepsin G inhibitor, β-keto-phosphonic acid, blocks ultraviolet irradiation-induced basement membrane damage in hairless mouse skin

Novi Kusumaningrum, Jang Hee Oh, Dong Hun Lee, Chang Yup Shin, Jee Hee Jang, Yeon Kyung Kim, Jin Ho Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ultraviolet light (UV) exposure contributes various effects to skin including damage of the basement membrane. Cathepsin G (CTSG) belongs to serine protease family, and its upregulation is involved in wrinkle formation by chronic UV irradiation. However, the effect of CTSG on the basement membrane damage in skin remains unclear. Purpose: To investigate the effects of topical treatment with a CTSG inhibitor, β-keto-phosphonic acid (KPA), on basement membrane damage in chronically UV-irradiated hairless mouse skin. Methods: The dorsal skin of hairless mice was exposed to UV three times per week for 8 weeks. KPA was applied immediately after each session of UV irradiation. The basement membrane components, CTSG expression, and neutrophil infiltration were analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. The basement membrane structures were visualized by transmission electron microscope. CTSG and MMP-13 protein levels were analyzed by Western blotting. Assessment of wrinkle formation was examined using a skin replica assay. Results: β-keto-phosphonic acid prevented UV irradiation-induced decrease in type VII collagen, laminin 332, and perlecan at the basement membrane zone and prevented UV-induced breakage of lamina densa and UV-induced shortening of hemidesmosome. KPA prevented UV-induced CTSG and MMP-13 expressions in chronically UV-irradiated hairless mice. Increase in neutrophil infiltration by UV irradiation and UV-induced wrinkle formation was also prevented by KPA. Conclusion: Our present study showed the possible involvement of CTSG in UV-induced basement membrane damage in skin through topical treatment with a CTSG inhibitor, KPA. Thus, inhibition of CTSG may be a useful strategy for the prevention of UV-induced basement membrane damage and photoaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-156
Number of pages9
JournalPhotodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • basement membrane damage
  • cathepsin G
  • hairless mouse skin
  • ultraviolet
  • β-keto-phosphonic acid

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