Background: Lobeglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) agonist with partial PPAR-α affinity, was developed to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. Objective: This study's aim was to evaluate the tolerability and pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of lobeglitazone to satisfy regulatory requirements for marketing approval in Korea. Methods: A block-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single- and multiple-dose study was conducted in healthy subjects. In the pilot study, 4 subjects were administered 0.5 mg, including 1 receiving a placebo. Then, the single-dose study was conducted with 1, 2, 4, and 8 mg doses (8 subjects in each group, including 2 receiving placebos), followed by the multiple-dose study with 1, 2, and 4 mg doses (once daily for 7 days; 8 subjects in each group, including 2 receiving placebos). Serial samples of blood and urine were collected and drug concentrations were determined by high turbulence liquid chromatography-LC/MS/MS. Tolerability assessments were performed throughout the study. Adverse events (AEs) were determined from general health-related questions and self-reports. Results: Thirty-six (mean [SD]; age, 23.6 [2.7] years; weight, 70.0 [6.9] kg) and 25 Korean male subjects (age, 23.5 [3.1] years; weight 69.4 [9.4] kg) were enrolled in the single- and multiple-dose studies, respectively. The data from subjects administered lobeglitazone who completed the study (27, single; 18, multiple) was included in the PK analyses. In the single-dose study, the AUC and C max of lobeglitazone increased with the dose. After repeated dosing for 7 days, the accumulation ratio ranged from 1.1 to 1.4. A total of 25 AEs were reported by 11 (30.6%) and 8 subjects (33.3%) in the single- and multiple-dose studies, respectively. All AEs were mild in intensity and not serious. Conclusions: Lobeglitazone was well tolerated in this small, selected group of healthy male Korean volunteers. The AUC and C max of lobeglitazone increased in a dose-proportional manner from 1 to 4 mg.
- PPAR-γ agonist