Tissue microcirculation measured by vascular occlusion test during anesthesia induction

Tae Kyong Kim, Youn Joung Cho, Jeong Jin Min, John M. Murkin, Jae Hyon Bahk, Deok Man Hong, Yunseok Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tissue microcirculation measured by vascular occlusion test is impaired during septic shock. However, it has not been investigated extensively during anesthesia induction. The aim of the study is to evaluate tissue microcirculation during anesthesia induction. We hypothesized that during anesthesia induction, tissue microcirculation measured by vascular occlusion test might be enhanced with peripheral vasodilation during anesthesia induction. We conducted a prospective observational study of 50 adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. During anesthesia induction, we measured and analyzed tissue oxygen saturation, vascular occlusion test, cerebral oximetry, forearm-minus-fingertip skin temperature gradients and hemodynamic data in order to evaluate microcirculation as related to alterations in peripheral vasodilation as reflected by increased Tforearm-finger thermal gradients. During anesthesia induction, recovery slope during vascular occlusion test and cerebral oxygen saturation increased from 4.0 (1.5) to 4.7 (1.3) % s−1 (p = 0.02) and 64.0 (10.2) to 74.2 (9.2) % (p < 0.001), respectively. Forearm-minus-fingertip skin temperature gradients decreased from 1.9 (2.9) to −1.4 (2.2) °C (p < 0.001). There was an inverse correlation between changes in the skin temperature gradients and changes in cerebral oximetry (r = 0.33; p = 0.02). During anesthesia induction, blood pressure and forearm-minus-fingertip skin temperature gradients decrease while cerebral oximetry and vascular occlusion test recovery slope increase. These findings suggest that anesthesia induction increases tissue microcirculation with peripheral vasodilation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-50
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • General anesthesia
  • Intraoperative monitoring
  • Microcirculation
  • Near-infrared spectroscopy
  • Oximetry

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