Aims: We compared long-term clinical outcomes between patients treated with Orsiro sirolimus-eluting stent (O-SES) and those treated with durable biocompatible polymer Resolute Integrity zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES). Methods and Results: The ORIENT trial was a randomized controlled noninferiority trial to compare angiographic outcomes between O-SES and R-ZES. We performed a post hoc analysis of 3-year clinical outcomes and included 372 patients who were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to O-SES (n = 250) and R-ZES (n = 122) groups in a 2:1 ratio. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure defined as a composite of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. At 3 years, target lesion failure occurred in 4.7% and 7.8% of O-SES and R-ZES groups, respectively (hazard ratio, 0.58; 95% confidence intervals, 0.24–1.41; p =.232 by log-rank test). Secondary endpoints including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization showed no significant differences between the groups. Stent thrombosis occurred in two patients in R-ZES group (0.0% vs. 1.6%, p =.040). Conclusion: This study confirms long-term safety and efficacy of the two stents. We found a trend for lower target lesion failure with O-SES compared to R-ZES, although statistically insignificant.
- biodegradable polymer
- coronary artery disease
- drug-eluting stents
- percutaneous coronary intervention