The updated 2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists guideline on human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 interpretation in breast cancer: comparison with previous guidelines and clinical significance of the proposed in situ hybridization groups

Ji Won Woo, Kyoungyul Lee, Yul Ri Chung, Min Hye Jang, Soomin Ahn, So Yeon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of the updated 2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) guideline on human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) interpretation in breast cancer compared with that of the previous guidelines and also the significance of in situ hybridization (ISH) groups proposed by the updated guideline. HER2 ISH reports and immunohistochemistry (IHC) data from 1,348 invasive breast cancers diagnosed at a single institution were included in this study. HER2 IHC was reassessed using the 2018 guideline, and HER2 ISH status was determined by the 2007, 2013, and 2018 guidelines. When applying the updated guideline, most of the HER2 ISH–equivocal cases as per the previous guidelines were reclassified as ISH negative, and 0.8% of HER2 ISH–positive tumors as per the 2007 guideline and 2.5% of those as per the 2013 guideline were changed to ISH negative. Accordingly, the negative HER2 ISH results significantly increased in the 2018 guideline compared with the 2013 guideline. HER2 ISH–positive tumors in ISH group 3 (HER2/chromosome enumeration probe 17 [CEP17] ratio <2.0 and average HER2 copy number ≥6.0 per cell) were characterized by equivocal HER2 protein expression, CEP17 copy number gain, and low HER2 copy numbers compared with classic HER2 ISH–positive tumors in ISH group 1 (HER2/CEP17 ratio ≥2.0 and average HER2 copy number ≥4.0 per cell). HER2 ISH–negative tumors in ISH group 4 (HER2/CEP17 ratio <2.0 with average HER2 copy number ≥4.0 and < 6.0 per cell) revealed more aggressive clinicopathologic features and poorer clinical outcomes than those in ISH group 5 (HER2/CEP17 ratio <2.0 and average HER2 copy number <4.0 per cell), especially in the hormone receptor–positive subgroup. In conclusion, implementation of the updated 2018 ASCO/CAP guideline leads to a significant increase in HER2 ISH–negative results compared with the 2013 guideline, mainly via reclassification of the ISH-equivocal cases to ISH-negative ones. ISH groups proposed by the updated guideline provide additional information on the clinicopathologic characteristics of the tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-21
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume98
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

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Keywords

  • ASCO/CAP guideline
  • Breast cancer
  • Equivocal category
  • HER2
  • ISH group

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