The Medical Needs and Characteristics of Cancer and Progressive Neurologic Disease Patients Who Use Home-Based Medical Care in Korea: A Retrospective Study for 2011-2020

Yo Han Han, Shin Hye Yoo, Sun Young Lee, In Young Hwang, Kyae Hyung Kim, Belong Cho, Min Sun Kim, Wonho Choi, Yejin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the needs and characteristics of patients with cancer and neurologic disorders requiring home-based medical care (HBMC). Design: Retrospective observational study. Setting and Participants: Patients receiving HBMC on discharge from a tertiary hospital in Korea during 2011-2020. Methods: Patients were classified into 3 disease groups: cancer, progressive neurologic disorders (NR), and others. Characteristics and medical needs were assessed in each disease group. Medical needs were categorized based on functional items requiring support or management at the time of registration: respiratory, feeding, urinary system, drain tube, central catheter, wound, medication, and other. Patients with multiple medical needs were assigned to multiple categories. Patients who used HBMC for more than 3 months were defined as long-term users; their characteristics were evaluated in the same way. Results: Of the total 655 patients, 47.0% (308) had cancer and 17.3% (113) were NR patients. Among all patients, 78.8% were partially dependent (44.0%) or completely dependent (34.8%) in daily activities, and there were more dependent patients in the NR group (80.5%) than cancer (26.6%). Patients with cancer needed central catheter management the most (43.5%), followed by wound care (36.7%), feeding support (35.1%), and drain tube management (22.1%). NR patients required feeding support the most (80.5%), followed by respiratory support (43.4%), wound care (41.6%), and urinary system support (19.5%). Of all patients, 30.2% (198) were long-term users (NR, 37.9%; cancer, 35.4%). Long-term users were common among patients who needed respiratory support (59.4%), feeding support (48.75), and urinary system support (34.6%). Conclusions and Implications: Homebound patients with cancer and progressive neurologic disorders need medical services at home after discharge. Patients who need feeding and respiratory support usually use HBMC for more than 3 months. Further studies are needed to design an optimal HBMC that continuously provides medical services to patients with serious illnesses living at home.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1634-1641.e2
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Home-based medical care
  • cancer
  • home care
  • progressive neurologic condition
  • serious illness

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