The effects of patient participation-based dietary intervention on nutritional and functional status for patients with gastrectomy: A randomized controlled trial

Hyunsun Kim, Eunyoung E. Suh, Hyuk Joon Lee, Han Kwang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients undergoing gastrectomy because of stomach cancer often face weight loss in the perioperational period, which can lead to malnutrition and negative treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to develop a patient participation-based dietary intervention (PPDI) and evaluate its effects on patient outcomes. INTERVENTIONS/METHODS:: This was a prospective, randomized controlled trial in which the patients were recruited in a cancer center in South Korea. The participants (N = 56), who underwent gastrectomy with stomach cancer stage I to III, were randomly assigned into either the experimental or the control group. The PPDI, which was given on the day before the hospital discharge, comprised 2 face-to-face and 2 telephone interventions. The outcome variables included body weight, body mass index, muscle mass, the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment, Dietary Symptom Scale, Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy-General, Karnofsky Performance Status, Adherence to Dietary Guidelines Scale, Scale of Dietary Knowledge, Patient Satisfaction Scale, and a 3-day food diary. RESULTS:: Participants in the PPDI intervention demonstrated significant (P < .05) reductions in adverse dietary symptoms and significant improvements (P < .05) in functional status, performance status, dietary intake, adherence to dietary guidelines, dietary knowledge, and satisfaction with the intervention as compared with the control group over time. CONCLUSION:: The PPDI was an effective dietary intervention for patients undergoing a gastrectomy for gastric cancer and deserves additional study in other populations of patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:: Incorporating patients' perspectives into a dietary intervention after gastrectomy for gastric cancer may contribute to improved patient outcomes and quality care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E10-E20
JournalCancer Nursing
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Dietary management
  • Gastrectomy
  • Nursing
  • Nutritional status
  • Patient participation
  • Stomach neoplasms

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