OBJECTIVE: As the surgical burden of diseases grows higher than ever, the development of skilled surgeons and surgery teams is of fundamental importance. However, there is scarce evidence of the effectiveness of surgical training programs. Our study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a global surgery fellowship program. DESIGN: In 2018, Myanmar subspecialty surgeons were trained for a 3-month in tertiary hospital of Korea. We evaluated the reactions, learning, and transfer of the 11 trainees using Kirkpatrick's Evaluation Model. SETTING: Myanmar and Korean tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven participants of fellowship from Myanmar. RESULTS: Participants’ overall reaction scores were 4.45 ± 0.52 out of 5.00. Regarding overall competency, the trainees assessed themselves as at an “advanced beginner level” (3.63 ± 1.38 out of 10.00) at the beginning and at a “competent level” (5.40 ± 1.70 out of 10.00) after the training (p for difference = 0.014). The trainees stated that their transfer in clinical practice was between “quite applicable” and “I am very sure that I can do this” (3.39 ± 0.61 out of 4.00). Their transfer in education was second, ranked around “quite applicable” (3.21 ± 0.77 out of 4.00), and their transfer in research was last and ranked “applicable, but just a little” (2.81 ± 0.67 out of 4.00). However, in our online survey, native and foreign trainers had mixed opinions about the transfer of training and were not entirely confident in the trainees’ competency. Trainees felt that there were multifactorial challenges for transfer and cited infrastructure, facilities, human resources, perioperative care, and financing. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical trainees reported high-level satisfaction and increased knowledge after training. However, further onsite surgical experiences are necessary for a successful transfer to the real setting. Challenges for such transfers were multifactorial, and surgical care must be systemically strengthened.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1169-1178
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020


  • Fellowship
  • Global surgery
  • Surgical system strengthening
  • Training

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