The effect of a telephone-based intervention on physical activity after stroke

Seungwoo Cha, Won Kee Chang, Hee Mun Cho, Yun Sun Jung, Miji Kang, Nam Jong Paik, Won Seok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite the effectiveness of telephone-based interventions for medical adherence and improved blood pressure, studies on the effect of such interventions on physical activity (PA) are needed. Therefore, we investigated the impact of a telephone-based intervention on PA in patients with subacute stroke. This pre-post study included patients who participated in an education program for stroke rehabilitation before being discharged to home, with a modified Rankin scale (mRS) score of ≤ 3. Patients hospitalized in 2020 (intervention group) received a nurse-led telephone-based intervention with a PA measurement once monthly during the 3 months after discharge. Those hospitalized in 2019 (historical controls) only received a PA measurement 3 months after discharge. Physical activity was assessed via a questionnaire by phone. In addition, demographics, medical history, smoking, mRS scores, and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 data were collected. The study included 139 participants (73 in intervention, 66 in control). The intervention group had a higher proportion of patients with mRS of 0–1 and a shorter length of hospital stay than the historical controls. Three months post-discharge, a significantly higher proportion of participants were physically active in the intervention group (48 [71.6%] vs. control group, 25 [34.7%]). In addition, the intervention group had a significantly higher median energy expenditure (924 vs. 297 MET-min/week) than the control group. The OR of the intervention for achieving ‘physically active’ individuals was 4.749 (95% CI, 2.313–9.752) before and 5.222 (95% CI, 1.892–14.419) after adjusting for possible confounders. A telephone-based intervention improved PA three months after stroke. Further studies with larger sample size and long-term followup are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0276316
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume17
Issue number10 October
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

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