The cumulative duration of bispectral index less than 40 concurrent with hypotension is associated with 90-day postoperative mortality: A retrospective study

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Abstract

Background: The relationship between intraoperative low bispectral index (BIS) values and poor clinical outcomes has been controversial. Intraoperative hypotension is associated with postoperative complication. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of intraoperative low BIS values and hypotension on postoperative mortality in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Methods: This retrospective study analyzed 1862 cases of general anesthesia. We collected the cumulative time of BIS values below 20 and 40 as well as electroencephalographic suppression and documented the incidences in which these states were maintained for at least 5 min. Durations of intraoperative mean arterial pressures (MAP) less than 50 mmHg were also recorded. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between suspected risk factors and postoperative mortality. Results: Ninety-day mortality and 180-day mortality were 1.5 and 3.2% respectively. The cumulative time in minutes for BIS values falling below 40 coupled with MAP falling below 50 mmHg was associated with 90-day mortality (odds ratio, 1.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.53; P =.019). We found no association between BIS related values and 180-day mortality. Conclusions: The cumulative duration of BIS values less than 40 concurrent with MAP less than 50 mmHg was associated with 90-day postoperative mortality, not 180-day postoperative mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number200
JournalBMC Anesthesiology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Bispectral index
  • Intraoperative hypotension
  • Major abdominal surgery
  • Postoperative mortality

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