Tauroursodeoxycholic acid attenuates cisplatin-induced hearing loss in rats

Chang Ho Lee, Sung su Park, Da hye Lee, So Min Lee, Min Young Kim, Byung Yoon Choi, So Young Kim

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Abstract

Tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) has been reported to be protective against apoptosis and oxidative stress in various cell types. A few studies have demonstrated otoprotective effects of TUDCA in mouse models. This study investigated the otoprotective effects of TUDCA in cisplatin (CXP)-induced hearing-loss rats. Eight-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were used. The CXP group received intraperitoneal injection of CXP at a dose of 5 mg/kg from day 1 to day 3. The CXP + TUDCA group received an intraperitoneal injection of 5 mg/kg CXP and 100 mg/kg TUDCA from day 1 to day 3. The mRNA expression levels of heme oxygenase 1 (HO1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) were measured, and the protein levels of caspase 3, cleaved caspase 3, and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) were evaluated. The CXP group demonstrated higher mean auditory brainstem responses (ABR) thresholds than the control group. The mean ABR threshold shifts were lower in the CXP + TUDCA group than in the CXP group. The CXP group showed elevated HO1 and SOD2 mRNA expression levels compared to the control group, but these changes were reversed in the CXP + TUDCA group. Compared to the levels in the control group, caspase 3, cleaved caspase 3, and AhR levels were higher in the CXP group, but the increase in cleaved caspase-3 was attenuated in the CXP + TUDCA group. The cochlea showed a higher number of spiral ganglion cells and outer hair cells in the CXP + TUDCA group than in the CXP group. TUDCA reduced CXP-induced hearing loss in adult rats. The HO1-mediated antioxidative effects attenuated apoptosis in the cochlea, but AhR activation was not reversed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134838
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume722
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Mar 2020

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Keywords

  • Aryl hydrocarbon receptor
  • Cisplatin
  • Hearing loss
  • Heme Oxygenase1
  • Tauroursodeoxycholic acid

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