Targeted therapy response in early versus late recurrence of renal cell carcinoma after surgical treatment: A propensity score-matched study using the Korean Renal Cancer Study Group database

the Korean Renal Cancer Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the clinicopathological features and outcomes of targeted therapy in patients with recurrence of renal cell carcinoma in <5 years or ≥5 years after the surgical treatment for renal cell carcinoma. Methods: Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with targeted therapy in a multicenter database were retrospectively characterized according to time from surgery to recurrence. Early recurrence was defined as recurrence within 5 years after surgery, and late recurrence was defined as occurring ≥5 years after surgery. The propensity scores for recurrence status were calculated, and patients with late recurrence were matched to patients with early recurrence at a 1:3 ratio. The oncological outcomes of targeted therapy in both groups were compared. Results: Among 716 patients, 512 (71.5%) experienced early recurrence and 204 (28.5%) experienced late recurrence. The patients with late recurrence presented with younger age at surgery, lower tumor stages and Fuhrman grade, and fewer sarcomatoid features and lymphovascular invasion (all P < 0.005). All differences in clinicopathological characteristics before targeted therapy disappeared after matching. Patients with late recurrence had significantly longer median overall survival (56 months vs 36 months; P < 0.0001) and median first-line progression-free survival (12 months vs 8 months; P = 0.031). The early recurrence status was a significantly worse predictor for overall survival and first-line progression-free survival (hazard ratio 1.30, P = 0.007; and hazard ratio 1.76, P < 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: Late recurrence might have prognostic value in terms of oncological outcomes in metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with targeted therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-423
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • late recurrence
  • prognosis
  • renal cell carcinoma
  • targeted therapy

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