T2* Mapping from multi-echo dixon sequence on gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging for the hepatic fat quantification: Can it be used for hepatic function assessment?

Hyunsuk Yoo, Jeong Min Lee, Jeong Hee Yoon, Hyo Jin Kang, Sang Min Lee, Hyun Kyung Yang, Joon Koo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of T2* mapping using 3D multi-echo Dixon gradient echo acquisition on gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a tool to evaluate hepatic function. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the IRB and the requirement of informed consent was waived. 242 patients who underwent liver MRIs, including 3D multi-echo Dixon fast gradient-recalled echo (GRE) sequence at 3T, before and after administration of gadoxetic acid, were included. Based on clinico-laboratory manifestation, the patients were classified as having normal liver function (NLF, n = 50), mild liver damage (MLD, n = 143), or severe liver damage (SLD, n = 30). The 3D multi-echo Dixon GRE sequence was obtained before, and 10 minutes after, gadoxetic acid administration. Pre- and post-contrast T2* values, as well as T2* reduction rates, were measured from T2* maps, and compared among the three groups. Results: There was a significant difference in T2* reduction rates between the NLF and SLD groups (-0.2 ± 4.9% vs. 5.0 ± 6.9%, p = 0.002), and between the MLD and SLD groups (3.2 ± 6.0% vs. 5.0 ± 6.9%, p = 0.003). However, there was no significant difference in both the pre- and post-contrast T2* values among different liver function groups (p = 0.735 and 0.131, respectively). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve for using T2* reduction rates to differentiate the SLD group from the NLF group was 0.74 (95% confidence interval: 0.63–0.83). Conclusion: Incorporation of T2* mapping using 3D multi-echo Dixon GRE sequence in gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI protocol may provide supplemental information for liver function deterioration in patients with SLD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-690
Number of pages9
JournalKorean Journal of Radiology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Gadoxetic acid
  • Hepatic fat quantification
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Liver fibrosis
  • MRI

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