T1-Weighted MR imaging of liver tumor by gadolinium-encapsulated glycol chitosan nanoparticles without non-specific toxicity in normal tissues

Jin Hee Na, Sangmin Lee, Heebeom Koo, Hyounkoo Han, Kyung Eun Lee, Seung Jin Han, Seung Hong Choi, Hyuncheol Kim, Seulki Lee, Ick Chan Kwon, Kuiwon Choi, Kwangmeyung Kim

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Abstract

Herein, we have synthesized Gd(iii)-encapsulated glycol chitosan nanoparticles (Gd(iii)-CNPs) for tumor-targeted T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The T1 contrast agent, Gd(iii), was successfully encapsulated into 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-modified CNPs to form stable Gd(iii)-encapsulated CNPs (Gd(iii)-CNPs) with an average particle size of approximately 280 nm. The stable nanoparticle structure of Gd(iii)-CNPs is beneficial for liver tumor accumulation by the enhanced permeation and retention (EPR) effect. Moreover, the amine groups on the surface of Gd(iii)-CNPs could be protonated and could induce fast cellular uptake at acidic pH in tumor tissue. To assay the tumor-targeting ability of Cy5.5-labeled Gd(iii)-CNPs, near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging and MR imaging were used in a liver tumor model as well as a subcutaneous tumor model. Cy5.5-labeled Gd(iii)-CNPs generated highly intense fluorescence and T1 MR signals in tumor tissues after intravenous injection, while DOTAREM®, the commercialized control MR contrast agent, showed very low tumor-targeting efficiency on MR images. Furthermore, damaged tissues were found in the livers and kidneys of mice injected with DOTAREM®, but there were no obvious adverse effects with Gd(iii)-CNPs. Taken together, these results demonstrate the superiority of Gd(iii)-CNPs as a tumor-targeting T1 MR agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9736-9745
Number of pages10
JournalNanoscale
Volume8
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 May 2016

Cite this

Na, J. H., Lee, S., Koo, H., Han, H., Lee, K. E., Han, S. J., Choi, S. H., Kim, H., Lee, S., Kwon, I. C., Choi, K., & Kim, K. (2016). T1-Weighted MR imaging of liver tumor by gadolinium-encapsulated glycol chitosan nanoparticles without non-specific toxicity in normal tissues. Nanoscale, 8(18), 9736-9745. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5nr06673e