Skeletal effects of combined bisphosphonates treatment and parathyroidectomy in osteoporotic patients with primary hyperparathyroidism

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Introduction: Bone loss caused by primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is an indication for parathyroidectomy (PTX). However, whether adding bisphosphonates would be superior to PTX alone to increase bone mass remains unclear. We thus aimed to compare the skeletal effects of the combination treatment of bisphosphonates and PTX with PTX alone. Materials and methods: In this retrospective analysis, bone mineral density (BMD) changes after 1 year of combination treatment and PTX alone were compared. We also analyzed the correlation between changes in serum biochemical parameters and BMD after 1 year of treatment in both groups. Results: The baseline characteristics of patients treated with PTX alone (n = 24) and combination treatment (n = 26) were comparable. BMD significantly increased after 1 year of treatment in both groups (all p < 0.001), and the increase in BMD at the femur neck was higher in the PTX alone group than in the combination group (p = 0.011). There was a decreasing trend in serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels in PTX alone compared to the combination treatment group (p = 0.053). In the study cohort, lower BMD and higher ALP levels at baseline were associated with higher 1-year BMD changes at all sites. Interestingly, a significant association was found between changes in ALP and BMD at the femur neck in the PTX alone group (p = 0.003), but abolished in the combination group (p = 0.946). Conclusions: There is no additional benefit of BMD in combination treatment with bisphosphonates and PTX over PTX alone in osteoporotic patients with PHPT. Combined bisphosphonate treatment might interfere with the increase in bone mass caused by PTX.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-300
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • Bisphosphonates
  • Bone mineral density
  • Osteoporosis
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism


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