Simple and rapid detection of common fetal aneuploidies using peptide nucleic acid probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction

Subeen Hong, Seung Mi Lee, Sohee Oh, So Yeon Kim, Young Mi Jung, Sun Min Kim, Chan Wook Park, Jong Kwan Jun, Byoung Jae Kim, Joong Shin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To examine the detection performance of a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe-based real-time time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to detect common aneuploidies. Using amniotic fluid samples, PNA probe based real-time PCR (Patio DEP Detection Kit; SeaSun Biomaterials, Korea) assay was performed. PNA probe was designed to hybridize to similar sequences located on different segments of target chromosomes (21, 18, and 13) and a reference chromosome. Amplification of target sequences and melting curve analysis was performed. When analyzing the melting curve, the ratio of the peak height of the target and reference chromosome was calculated and determined as aneuploidy if the ratio of peak height was abnormal. All the results from the PNA probe-based real-time PCR and melting curve analyses were compared to those from conventional karyotyping. Forty-two cases with common aneuploidies (24 of trisomy 21, 12 of trisomy 18, and 6 of trisomy 13) and 131 cases with normal karyotype were analyzed. When comparing the karyotyping results, the sensitivity and specificity of the PNA probe-based real-time PCR assay were both 100%. The level of agreement was almost perfect (k = 1.00). PNA real-time PCR assay is a rapid and easy method for detecting common aneuploidies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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