Sex- and age-specific effects of energy intake and physical activity on sarcopenia

Yu Jin Cho, Youn Hee Lim, Jae Moon Yun, Hyung Jin Yoon, Minseon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sarcopenia is a common health issue that is not limited to only elderly patients. However, many studies have reported factors to prevent sarcopenia only in susceptible groups. This study evaluates the relationship of the total energy intake to basal metabolic rate ratio (EI/BMR) and physical activity (PA) with sarcopenia. A second aim was to analyze the interaction between EI/BMR and PA by sex and age. We analyzed 16,313 subjects aged ≥ 19 years who had dual‒energy X-ray absorptiometry data. Sarcopenia was defined as appendicular lean mass/weight (%) that was 1 standard deviation below the sex-specific mean value for a young reference group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the interaction between EI/BMR and PA. In this study, as EI/BMR increased, the risk of sarcopenia decreased, particularly in the older groups. Both high PA and high EI/BMR were independently related to the reduced risk of sarcopenia and showed additive effects on reducing the risk in young male and older groups. However, high PA was associated with an increased risk of sarcopenia in the young female group with low energy intake. Our findings suggest that an adequate balance between energy intake and PA is related to a low risk of sarcopenia, especially in young females.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9822
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sex- and age-specific effects of energy intake and physical activity on sarcopenia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this