There are still lot of controversies whether aberrant left hepatic artery (ALHA) originating from left gastric artery should be ligated or preserved during gastric cancer (GC) surgery. We aimed to investigate this issue. We reviewed ALHA cases who had laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer at Seoul National University Hospital (SNUH) from 2012 to 2016. Type of ALHA variants using Michel’s classification of hepatic arterial anatomy and diameter of each vessel were evaluated by 2 radiologists. Postoperative hepatic function and surgical outcome were collected until 6 months after surgery. Results showed that if the diameter of ALHA was larger than 1.5 mm, a transient elevation of SGOT and SGPT on postoperative day 2 was observed in the ligated cases. No differences were observed in operation time, amount of blood loss, overall complication rate, hospital stay, and number of lymph nodes retrieved between the ligated and preserved replaced left hepatic artery (RLHA) and accessory left hepatic artery (acLHA) group. In this study, we conclude that ligation of ALHA seems to be safe as none of the patients suffered adverse outcome. A transient rise in postoperative SGOT and SGPT levels were seen after ligating ALHA >1.5 mm in diameter regardless of subtype.