S100A8/A9 mediate the reprograming of normal mammary epithelial cells induced by dynamic cell–cell interactions with adjacent breast cancer cells

Seol Hwa Jo, Woo Hang Heo, Hye Youn Son, Mingji Quan, Bok Sil Hong, Ju Hee Kim, Han Byoel Lee, Wonshik Han, Yeonju Park, Dong Sup Lee, Nam Hoon Kwon, Min Chul Park, Jeesoo Chae, Jong Il Kim, Dong Young Noh, Hyeong Gon Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To understand the potential effects of cancer cells on surrounding normal mammary epithelial cells, we performed direct co-culture of non-tumorigenic mammary epithelial MCF10A cells and various breast cancer cells. Firstly, we observed dynamic cell–cell interactions between the MCF10A cells and breast cancer cells including lamellipodia or nanotube-like contacts and transfer of extracellular vesicles. Co-cultured MCF10A cells exhibited features of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and showed increased capacity of cell proliferation, migration, colony formation, and 3-dimensional sphere formation. Direct co-culture showed most distinct phenotype changes in MCF10A cells followed by conditioned media treatment and indirect co-culture. Transcriptome analysis and phosphor-protein array suggested that several cancer-related pathways are significantly dysregulated in MCF10A cells after the direct co-culture with breast cancer cells. S100A8 and S100A9 showed distinct up-regulation in the co-cultured MCF10A cells and their microenvironmental upregulation was also observed in the orthotropic xenograft of syngeneic mouse mammary tumors. When S100A8/A9 overexpression was induced in MCF10A cells, the cells showed phenotypic features of directly co-cultured MCF10A cells in terms of in vitro cell behaviors and signaling activities suggesting a S100A8/A9-mediated transition program in non-tumorigenic epithelial cells. This study suggests the possibility of dynamic cell–cell interactions between non-tumorigenic mammary epithelial cells and breast cancer cells that could lead to a substantial transition in molecular and functional characteristics of mammary epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1337
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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