Role of children in household transmission of COVID-19

Jieun Kim, Young June Choe, Jin Lee, Young Joon Park, Ok Park, Mi Seon Han, Jong Hyun Kim, Eun Hwa Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Transmissibility of COVID-19 by children in the household is not clear. Herein, we describe children's role in household transmission of COVID-19. Design and setting All paediatric COVID-19 index cases and their household members reported from 20 January to 6 April 2020 in South Korea were reviewed. The secondary attack rate (SAR) from child index case to household secondary case was calculated. Epidemiological and clinical findings of child index case-household secondary case pair was assessed. Results A total of 107 paediatric COVID-19 index cases and 248 of their household members were identified. One pair of paediatric index-secondary household case was identified, giving a household SAR of 0.5% (95% CI 0.0% to 2.6%). The index case was self-quarantined at home after international travel, stayed in her room, but shared a meal table with the secondary case. Conclusion The SAR from children to household members was low in the setting of social distancing, underscoring the importance of rigorous contact tracing and early isolation in limiting transmission within households.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-711
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume106
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • health services research
  • virology

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