Risk of end-stage renal disease in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A nationwide population-based cohort study

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Abstract

Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the most common inherited cardiomyopathy, has mortality rate as low as general population, previous studies have focused on identifying high-risk of sudden cardiac death. Thus, long-term systemic impact of HCM is still unclear. We sought to investigate the association between HCM and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This was a nationwide population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service database. We investigated incident ESRD during follow-up in 10,300 adult patients with HCM (age 62.1 years, male 67.3%) and 51,500 age-, sex-matched controls. During follow-up (median 2.8 years), ESRD developed in 197 subjects; 111 (1.08%) in the HCM, and 86 (0.17%) in the non-HCM (incidence rate 4.14 vs. 0.60 per 1,000 person-years, p < 0.001). In the HCM, the incidence rate for ESRD gradually increased with age, but an initial peak and subsequent plateau in age-specific risk were observed. HCM was a significant predictor for ESRD (unadjusted HR 6.90, 95% CI 5.21–9.15, p < 0.001), as comparable to hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, after adjusting for all variables showing the association in univariate analysis, HCM itself remained a robust predictor of ESRD development (adjusted HR 3.93, 95% CI 2.82–5.46, p < 0.001). The consistent associations between HCM and ESRD were shown in almost all subgroups other than smokers and subjects with a history of stroke. Conclusively, HCM increased the risk of ESRD, regardless of known prognosticators. It provides new insight into worsening renal function in HCM, and active surveillance for renal function should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14565
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Chronic Kidney Failure
Cohort Studies
Population
National Health Programs
Cardiomyopathies
Kidney
Sudden Cardiac Death
Incidence
Diabetes Mellitus
Stroke
Databases
Hypertension

Cite this

@article{ba9a6961877143579272935433b6f439,
title = "Risk of end-stage renal disease in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A nationwide population-based cohort study",
abstract = "Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the most common inherited cardiomyopathy, has mortality rate as low as general population, previous studies have focused on identifying high-risk of sudden cardiac death. Thus, long-term systemic impact of HCM is still unclear. We sought to investigate the association between HCM and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This was a nationwide population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service database. We investigated incident ESRD during follow-up in 10,300 adult patients with HCM (age 62.1 years, male 67.3{\%}) and 51,500 age-, sex-matched controls. During follow-up (median 2.8 years), ESRD developed in 197 subjects; 111 (1.08{\%}) in the HCM, and 86 (0.17{\%}) in the non-HCM (incidence rate 4.14 vs. 0.60 per 1,000 person-years, p < 0.001). In the HCM, the incidence rate for ESRD gradually increased with age, but an initial peak and subsequent plateau in age-specific risk were observed. HCM was a significant predictor for ESRD (unadjusted HR 6.90, 95{\%} CI 5.21–9.15, p < 0.001), as comparable to hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, after adjusting for all variables showing the association in univariate analysis, HCM itself remained a robust predictor of ESRD development (adjusted HR 3.93, 95{\%} CI 2.82–5.46, p < 0.001). The consistent associations between HCM and ESRD were shown in almost all subgroups other than smokers and subjects with a history of stroke. Conclusively, HCM increased the risk of ESRD, regardless of known prognosticators. It provides new insight into worsening renal function in HCM, and active surveillance for renal function should be considered.",
author = "Heesun Lee and Kyungdo Han and Park, {Jun Bean} and Hwang, {In Chang} and Yoon, {Yeonyee E.} and Park, {Hyo Eun} and Choi, {Su Yeon} and Kim, {Yong Jin} and Cho, {Goo Yeong} and Kim, {Hyung Kwan} and Ommen, {Steve R.}",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
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doi = "10.1038/s41598-019-50993-5",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Scientific reports",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of end-stage renal disease in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

T2 - A nationwide population-based cohort study

AU - Lee, Heesun

AU - Han, Kyungdo

AU - Park, Jun Bean

AU - Hwang, In Chang

AU - Yoon, Yeonyee E.

AU - Park, Hyo Eun

AU - Choi, Su Yeon

AU - Kim, Yong Jin

AU - Cho, Goo Yeong

AU - Kim, Hyung Kwan

AU - Ommen, Steve R.

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the most common inherited cardiomyopathy, has mortality rate as low as general population, previous studies have focused on identifying high-risk of sudden cardiac death. Thus, long-term systemic impact of HCM is still unclear. We sought to investigate the association between HCM and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This was a nationwide population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service database. We investigated incident ESRD during follow-up in 10,300 adult patients with HCM (age 62.1 years, male 67.3%) and 51,500 age-, sex-matched controls. During follow-up (median 2.8 years), ESRD developed in 197 subjects; 111 (1.08%) in the HCM, and 86 (0.17%) in the non-HCM (incidence rate 4.14 vs. 0.60 per 1,000 person-years, p < 0.001). In the HCM, the incidence rate for ESRD gradually increased with age, but an initial peak and subsequent plateau in age-specific risk were observed. HCM was a significant predictor for ESRD (unadjusted HR 6.90, 95% CI 5.21–9.15, p < 0.001), as comparable to hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, after adjusting for all variables showing the association in univariate analysis, HCM itself remained a robust predictor of ESRD development (adjusted HR 3.93, 95% CI 2.82–5.46, p < 0.001). The consistent associations between HCM and ESRD were shown in almost all subgroups other than smokers and subjects with a history of stroke. Conclusively, HCM increased the risk of ESRD, regardless of known prognosticators. It provides new insight into worsening renal function in HCM, and active surveillance for renal function should be considered.

AB - Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the most common inherited cardiomyopathy, has mortality rate as low as general population, previous studies have focused on identifying high-risk of sudden cardiac death. Thus, long-term systemic impact of HCM is still unclear. We sought to investigate the association between HCM and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This was a nationwide population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service database. We investigated incident ESRD during follow-up in 10,300 adult patients with HCM (age 62.1 years, male 67.3%) and 51,500 age-, sex-matched controls. During follow-up (median 2.8 years), ESRD developed in 197 subjects; 111 (1.08%) in the HCM, and 86 (0.17%) in the non-HCM (incidence rate 4.14 vs. 0.60 per 1,000 person-years, p < 0.001). In the HCM, the incidence rate for ESRD gradually increased with age, but an initial peak and subsequent plateau in age-specific risk were observed. HCM was a significant predictor for ESRD (unadjusted HR 6.90, 95% CI 5.21–9.15, p < 0.001), as comparable to hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, after adjusting for all variables showing the association in univariate analysis, HCM itself remained a robust predictor of ESRD development (adjusted HR 3.93, 95% CI 2.82–5.46, p < 0.001). The consistent associations between HCM and ESRD were shown in almost all subgroups other than smokers and subjects with a history of stroke. Conclusively, HCM increased the risk of ESRD, regardless of known prognosticators. It provides new insight into worsening renal function in HCM, and active surveillance for renal function should be considered.

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U2 - 10.1038/s41598-019-50993-5

DO - 10.1038/s41598-019-50993-5

M3 - Article

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AN - SCOPUS:85073107771

VL - 9

JO - Scientific reports

JF - Scientific reports

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