Relationship between gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and dietary factors in Korea

Ji Hyun Song, Su Jin Chung, Jun Haeng Lee, Young Ho Kim, Dong Kyung Chang, Hee Jung Son, Jae J. Kim, Jong Chul Rhee, Poong Lyul Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing in Korea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between GERD symptoms and dietary factors in Korea. Methods: From January 2007 to April 2008, 162 subjects were enrolled (81 in GERD group and 81 in control group). They were asked to complete the questionnaires about GERD symptoms and dietary habits. The symptom severity score was recorded by visual analogue scale. Results: Subjects with overweight or obesity had an increased risk for GERD (OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.18-5.39). Irregular dietary intake was one of the risk factors for GERD (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.11-4.89). Acid regurgitation was the most suffering (2.85 ± 2.95 by visual analogue scale) and frequent reflux-related symptom (57.5%) in GERD. Noodles (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.12-1.34), spicy foods (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.02-1.16), fatty meals (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.09-1.33), sweets (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.00-2.02), alcohol (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.03-1.31), breads (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.01-1.34), carbonated drinks (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.04-2.74) and caffeinated drinks (OR,1.41; 95% CI, 1.15-1.73) were associated with symptom aggravation in GERD. Among the investigated noodles, ramen (instant noodle) caused reflux-related symptoms most frequently (52.4%). Conclusions: We found that noodles, spicy foods, fatty meals, sweets, alcohol, breads, carbonated drinks and caffeinated drinks were associated with reflux-related symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-60
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Korea
Gastroesophageal Reflux
Carbonated Beverages
Bread
Visual Analog Scale
Meals
Alcohols
Food
Feeding Behavior
Psychological Stress
Obesity
Control Groups
Acids
Incidence

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Food habits
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Symptom

Cite this

Song, Ji Hyun ; Chung, Su Jin ; Lee, Jun Haeng ; Kim, Young Ho ; Chang, Dong Kyung ; Son, Hee Jung ; Kim, Jae J. ; Rhee, Jong Chul ; Rhee, Poong Lyul. / Relationship between gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and dietary factors in Korea. In: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility. 2011 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 54-60.
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abstract = "Background/Aims: The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing in Korea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between GERD symptoms and dietary factors in Korea. Methods: From January 2007 to April 2008, 162 subjects were enrolled (81 in GERD group and 81 in control group). They were asked to complete the questionnaires about GERD symptoms and dietary habits. The symptom severity score was recorded by visual analogue scale. Results: Subjects with overweight or obesity had an increased risk for GERD (OR, 2.52; 95{\%} CI, 1.18-5.39). Irregular dietary intake was one of the risk factors for GERD (OR, 2.33; 95{\%} CI, 1.11-4.89). Acid regurgitation was the most suffering (2.85 ± 2.95 by visual analogue scale) and frequent reflux-related symptom (57.5{\%}) in GERD. Noodles (OR, 1.22; 95{\%} CI, 1.12-1.34), spicy foods (OR, 1.09; 95{\%} CI, 1.02-1.16), fatty meals (OR, 1.20; 95{\%} CI, 1.09-1.33), sweets (OR, 1.42; 95{\%} CI, 1.00-2.02), alcohol (OR, 1.16; 95{\%} CI, 1.03-1.31), breads (OR, 1.17; 95{\%} CI, 1.01-1.34), carbonated drinks (OR, 1.69; 95{\%} CI, 1.04-2.74) and caffeinated drinks (OR,1.41; 95{\%} CI, 1.15-1.73) were associated with symptom aggravation in GERD. Among the investigated noodles, ramen (instant noodle) caused reflux-related symptoms most frequently (52.4{\%}). Conclusions: We found that noodles, spicy foods, fatty meals, sweets, alcohol, breads, carbonated drinks and caffeinated drinks were associated with reflux-related symptoms.",
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Relationship between gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and dietary factors in Korea. / Song, Ji Hyun; Chung, Su Jin; Lee, Jun Haeng; Kim, Young Ho; Chang, Dong Kyung; Son, Hee Jung; Kim, Jae J.; Rhee, Jong Chul; Rhee, Poong Lyul.

In: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Vol. 17, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 54-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Relationship between gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and dietary factors in Korea

AU - Song, Ji Hyun

AU - Chung, Su Jin

AU - Lee, Jun Haeng

AU - Kim, Young Ho

AU - Chang, Dong Kyung

AU - Son, Hee Jung

AU - Kim, Jae J.

AU - Rhee, Jong Chul

AU - Rhee, Poong Lyul

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N2 - Background/Aims: The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing in Korea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between GERD symptoms and dietary factors in Korea. Methods: From January 2007 to April 2008, 162 subjects were enrolled (81 in GERD group and 81 in control group). They were asked to complete the questionnaires about GERD symptoms and dietary habits. The symptom severity score was recorded by visual analogue scale. Results: Subjects with overweight or obesity had an increased risk for GERD (OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.18-5.39). Irregular dietary intake was one of the risk factors for GERD (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.11-4.89). Acid regurgitation was the most suffering (2.85 ± 2.95 by visual analogue scale) and frequent reflux-related symptom (57.5%) in GERD. Noodles (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.12-1.34), spicy foods (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.02-1.16), fatty meals (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.09-1.33), sweets (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.00-2.02), alcohol (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.03-1.31), breads (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.01-1.34), carbonated drinks (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.04-2.74) and caffeinated drinks (OR,1.41; 95% CI, 1.15-1.73) were associated with symptom aggravation in GERD. Among the investigated noodles, ramen (instant noodle) caused reflux-related symptoms most frequently (52.4%). Conclusions: We found that noodles, spicy foods, fatty meals, sweets, alcohol, breads, carbonated drinks and caffeinated drinks were associated with reflux-related symptoms.

AB - Background/Aims: The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing in Korea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between GERD symptoms and dietary factors in Korea. Methods: From January 2007 to April 2008, 162 subjects were enrolled (81 in GERD group and 81 in control group). They were asked to complete the questionnaires about GERD symptoms and dietary habits. The symptom severity score was recorded by visual analogue scale. Results: Subjects with overweight or obesity had an increased risk for GERD (OR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.18-5.39). Irregular dietary intake was one of the risk factors for GERD (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.11-4.89). Acid regurgitation was the most suffering (2.85 ± 2.95 by visual analogue scale) and frequent reflux-related symptom (57.5%) in GERD. Noodles (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.12-1.34), spicy foods (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.02-1.16), fatty meals (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.09-1.33), sweets (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.00-2.02), alcohol (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.03-1.31), breads (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.01-1.34), carbonated drinks (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.04-2.74) and caffeinated drinks (OR,1.41; 95% CI, 1.15-1.73) were associated with symptom aggravation in GERD. Among the investigated noodles, ramen (instant noodle) caused reflux-related symptoms most frequently (52.4%). Conclusions: We found that noodles, spicy foods, fatty meals, sweets, alcohol, breads, carbonated drinks and caffeinated drinks were associated with reflux-related symptoms.

KW - Diet

KW - Food habits

KW - Gastroesophageal reflux disease

KW - Symptom

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