Relationship between cardiac geometry and serum hepcidin in chronic kidney disease: Analysis from the KNOW-CKD study

Hyang Ki Min, Yun Kyu Oh, Kyu Hun Choi, Kyu Beck Lee, Sue K. Park, Curie Ahn, Sung Woo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined the relationship between cardiac function and geometry and serum hepcidin levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to identify the relationship between cardiac function and geometry and serum hepcidin levels. Methods: We reviewed data of 1,897 patients in a large-scale multicenter prospective Korean study. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the relationship between cardiac function and geometry and serum hepcidin levels. Results: The mean relative wall thickness (RWT) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) were 0.38 and 42.0 g/m2.7, respectively. The mean ejection fraction (EF) and early diastolic mitral inflow to annulus velocity ratio (E/e') were 64.1% and 9.9, respectively. Although EF and E/e' were not associated with high serum hepcidin, RWT and LVMI were significantly associated with high serum hepcidin levels in univariate logistic regression analysis. In multivariate logistic regression analysis after adjusting for variables related to anemia, bone mineral metabolism, comorbidities, and inflammation, however, only each 0.1-unit increase in RWT was associated with increased odds of high serum hepcidin (odds ratio, 1.989; 95% confidence interval, 1.358-2.916; P < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis, the independent relationship between RWT and high serum hepcidin level was valid only in women and patients with low transferrin saturation (TSAT). Conclusion: Although the relationship was not cause-and-effect, increased RWT was independently associated with high serum hepcidin, particularly in women and patients with low TSAT. The relationship between cardiac geometry and serum hepcidin in CKD patients needs to be confirmed in future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2
Pages (from-to)e2
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiac Geometry
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Erythropoietin Resistance
  • Hepcidin
  • Relative Wall Thickness

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