Because Fontan circulation does not have a subpulmonary ventricle, the preload is limited. In Fontan circulation with extracardiac conduit, the size of conduit could be an important factor in determining the preload. We compared exercise capacity with each conduit size and tried to search for optimal conduit size in Fontan circulation. We reviewed the medical record of 677 patients with Fontan circulation. Patients who had other type Fontan circulation (Kawashima, atriopulmonary, lateral tunnel), SpO2 < 85%, protein losing enteropathy, results of inappropriate exercise test were excluded. As a result, 150 patients were enrolled and classified according to conduit size. We compared with their exercise capacity and analyzed correlation between exercise capacity and conduit size per body surface area (BSA). 97 Males were included and mean age was 17.5 ± 5.1 years old. In cardiac catheterization, central venous pressure (CVP) was 12.4 ± 2.5 mmHg and pulmonary vascular resistance was 1.2 ± 0.5 wu m2. In cardiopulmonary exercise test, predictive peak VO2 was 59.1 ± 9.7% and VE/VCO2 was 36.2 ± 6.9. In analysis using quadratic model, impacts of gender, age at Fontan operation, ventricular morphology, isomerism, and fenestration on exercise capacity were excluded and conduit size per BSA had a significant curved correlation with predictive peak VO2 and VE/VCO2. Our results showed that patients with about 12.5 mm/m2 conduit per BSA have the best exercise capacity. Patients with larger than smaller-sized conduit were found to be more attenuated in their ability to exercise.
- Exercise capacity