Background and Purpose: The exact mechanism of protease-activated receptors (PARs) on pacemaker activity of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) has not been reported. We investigated the effects on pacemaker activity by the activation of PARs and its signal mechanisms in colonic ICCs. Methods: The whole-cell patch-clamp technique, RT-PCR and Ca2+ imaging were used in cultured ICCs from mouse colon. Results: PAR-1 and PAR-2 were expressed in Ano-1 positive ICCs. TFLLR-NH2 (a PAR-1 agonist) and trypsin (a PAR-2 agonist) depolarized the membrane and increased the pacemaker potential frequency. U-73122 (a phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor) and thapsigargin (a Ca2+ ATPase inhibitor) suppressed the TFLLR-NH2-and trypsin-induced effects on pacemaker potential. TFLLR-NH2 and trypsin also increased intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) intensity with increasing of Ca2+ oscillations. Genistein (a tyrosine kinase inhibitor), SP600125 (a JNK inhibitor), CsCl, ZD7288, clonidine (hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide (HCN) channel blockers), SQ-22536 and dideoxyadenosine (adenylate cyclase inhibitors) suppressed the increased pacemaker potential frequency without effects on depolarization of the membrane induced by TFLLR-NH2 and trypsin. Conclusion: These results suggest that activation of PAR-1 and PAR-2 modulates the pacemaker activity of colonic ICCs through the PLC-dependent [Ca2+]i release pathway. The increased pacemaker potential frequency by PAR-1 and PAR-2 was also dependent on tyrosine kinase, JNK, and HCN activation.
- Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide channel
- Interstitial cells of Cajal
- Pacemaker potential
- Protease-activated receptors