Regulation of the Intracellular ROS Level Is Critical for the Antiproliferative Effect of Quercetin in the Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Line HepG2

Ji Sook Jeon, Sora Kwon, Kiwon Ban, Young Kwon Hong, Curie Ahn, Jung Suk Sung, Inho Choi

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Abstract

Quercetin, an antioxidant flavonoid, has been known that it can induce the cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells by the stabilization or induction of p53. Here, we found that quercetin reduced the proliferation of HepG2 cells significantly, but not Huh7 cells. Interestingly, quercetin down-regulated the intracellular ROS level in HepG2 cells, but not Huh7 cells. Functional study using siRNA showed that the proliferation of HepG2 cells was still regulated by quercetin in the absence of p53. Furthermore, we confirmed the effect of quercetin on HepG2 cells by H 2 O 2 supplementation. This study demonstrates that the antiproliferative effect of quercetin on HCC cells can be mediated by reducing intracellular ROS, which is independent of p53 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-869
Number of pages9
JournalNutrition and Cancer
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jul 2019

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Quercetin
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Hep G2 Cells
Cell Line
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Flavonoids
Small Interfering RNA
Antioxidants
Apoptosis

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Jeon, Ji Sook ; Kwon, Sora ; Ban, Kiwon ; Kwon Hong, Young ; Ahn, Curie ; Sung, Jung Suk ; Choi, Inho. / Regulation of the Intracellular ROS Level Is Critical for the Antiproliferative Effect of Quercetin in the Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Line HepG2. In: Nutrition and Cancer. 2019 ; Vol. 71, No. 5. pp. 861-869.
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Regulation of the Intracellular ROS Level Is Critical for the Antiproliferative Effect of Quercetin in the Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Line HepG2. / Jeon, Ji Sook; Kwon, Sora; Ban, Kiwon; Kwon Hong, Young; Ahn, Curie; Sung, Jung Suk; Choi, Inho.

In: Nutrition and Cancer, Vol. 71, No. 5, 04.07.2019, p. 861-869.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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