Rectus femoris transfer in cerebral palsy patients with stiff knee gait

Seung Yeol Lee, Soon Sun Kwon, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Young Choi, Tae Gyun Kim, Woo Cheol Shin, In Ho Choi, Tae-Joon Cho, Woon Joon Yoo, Moon Seok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although several studies have reported on the outcomes of rectus femoris transfer (RFT), few have investigated the multiple factors that could affect the results. Therefore, we evaluated the outcomes of RFT and analyzed factors that influence improvement and annual change in knee motion after surgery in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: We reviewed ambulatory patients with CP who were followed up after they had undergone RFT as part of a single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) and who had undergone preoperative and postoperative three-dimensional (3D) gait analysis between January 1995 and December 2012. Relevant kinematic values, including peak knee flexion, knee range of motion, and timing of peak knee flexion in the swing phase and gait deviation index (GDI) score, were the outcome measures. Improvements in rate of angle and GDI score were adjusted by multiple factors such as sex, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, anatomic type of CP, and concomitant surgeries as the fixed effects, and follow-up duration, laterality, and each subject as the random effects, all of which was performed using a linear mixed model. Results: A total of 290 patients (487 limbs) and 612 3D gait analysis (2-4 per patient) results were finally included in this study. At 2 years after RFT, estimated mean peak knee flexion (1.2°, p= 0.005), estimated mean knee range of motion (10.7°, p<. 0.001), and estimated mean GDI score (7.3, p<. 0.001) increased significantly. Peak knee flexion in the swing phase occurred 5.4% earlier after surgery compared with that at baseline (p<. 0.001). In serial postoperative gait analyses, peak knee flexion in the swing phase occurred 0.8% earlier per year in patients with GMFCS level I or II (p= 0.021). Conclusions: RFT as part of a SEMLS was effective in treating stiff knee gait. In serial postoperative gait analyses, patients with GMFCS level I or II showed better prognosis than those with level III with regard to timing of peak knee flexion in the swing phase. Level of evidence: Prognostic level IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalGait and Posture
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

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Quadriceps Muscle
Cerebral Palsy
Gait
Knee
Articular Range of Motion
Transfer Factor
Biomechanical Phenomena
Linear Models
Extremities
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Outcome
  • Rectus femoris transfer
  • Single event multilevel surgery
  • Stiff knee gait

Cite this

Lee, Seung Yeol ; Kwon, Soon Sun ; Chung, Chin Youb ; Lee, Kyoung Min ; Choi, Young ; Kim, Tae Gyun ; Shin, Woo Cheol ; Choi, In Ho ; Cho, Tae-Joon ; Yoo, Woon Joon ; Park, Moon Seok. / Rectus femoris transfer in cerebral palsy patients with stiff knee gait. In: Gait and Posture. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 76-81.
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abstract = "Background: Although several studies have reported on the outcomes of rectus femoris transfer (RFT), few have investigated the multiple factors that could affect the results. Therefore, we evaluated the outcomes of RFT and analyzed factors that influence improvement and annual change in knee motion after surgery in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: We reviewed ambulatory patients with CP who were followed up after they had undergone RFT as part of a single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) and who had undergone preoperative and postoperative three-dimensional (3D) gait analysis between January 1995 and December 2012. Relevant kinematic values, including peak knee flexion, knee range of motion, and timing of peak knee flexion in the swing phase and gait deviation index (GDI) score, were the outcome measures. Improvements in rate of angle and GDI score were adjusted by multiple factors such as sex, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, anatomic type of CP, and concomitant surgeries as the fixed effects, and follow-up duration, laterality, and each subject as the random effects, all of which was performed using a linear mixed model. Results: A total of 290 patients (487 limbs) and 612 3D gait analysis (2-4 per patient) results were finally included in this study. At 2 years after RFT, estimated mean peak knee flexion (1.2°, p= 0.005), estimated mean knee range of motion (10.7°, p<. 0.001), and estimated mean GDI score (7.3, p<. 0.001) increased significantly. Peak knee flexion in the swing phase occurred 5.4{\%} earlier after surgery compared with that at baseline (p<. 0.001). In serial postoperative gait analyses, peak knee flexion in the swing phase occurred 0.8{\%} earlier per year in patients with GMFCS level I or II (p= 0.021). Conclusions: RFT as part of a SEMLS was effective in treating stiff knee gait. In serial postoperative gait analyses, patients with GMFCS level I or II showed better prognosis than those with level III with regard to timing of peak knee flexion in the swing phase. Level of evidence: Prognostic level IV.",
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Rectus femoris transfer in cerebral palsy patients with stiff knee gait. / Lee, Seung Yeol; Kwon, Soon Sun; Chung, Chin Youb; Lee, Kyoung Min; Choi, Young; Kim, Tae Gyun; Shin, Woo Cheol; Choi, In Ho; Cho, Tae-Joon; Yoo, Woon Joon; Park, Moon Seok.

In: Gait and Posture, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 76-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rectus femoris transfer in cerebral palsy patients with stiff knee gait

AU - Lee, Seung Yeol

AU - Kwon, Soon Sun

AU - Chung, Chin Youb

AU - Lee, Kyoung Min

AU - Choi, Young

AU - Kim, Tae Gyun

AU - Shin, Woo Cheol

AU - Choi, In Ho

AU - Cho, Tae-Joon

AU - Yoo, Woon Joon

AU - Park, Moon Seok

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Background: Although several studies have reported on the outcomes of rectus femoris transfer (RFT), few have investigated the multiple factors that could affect the results. Therefore, we evaluated the outcomes of RFT and analyzed factors that influence improvement and annual change in knee motion after surgery in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: We reviewed ambulatory patients with CP who were followed up after they had undergone RFT as part of a single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) and who had undergone preoperative and postoperative three-dimensional (3D) gait analysis between January 1995 and December 2012. Relevant kinematic values, including peak knee flexion, knee range of motion, and timing of peak knee flexion in the swing phase and gait deviation index (GDI) score, were the outcome measures. Improvements in rate of angle and GDI score were adjusted by multiple factors such as sex, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, anatomic type of CP, and concomitant surgeries as the fixed effects, and follow-up duration, laterality, and each subject as the random effects, all of which was performed using a linear mixed model. Results: A total of 290 patients (487 limbs) and 612 3D gait analysis (2-4 per patient) results were finally included in this study. At 2 years after RFT, estimated mean peak knee flexion (1.2°, p= 0.005), estimated mean knee range of motion (10.7°, p<. 0.001), and estimated mean GDI score (7.3, p<. 0.001) increased significantly. Peak knee flexion in the swing phase occurred 5.4% earlier after surgery compared with that at baseline (p<. 0.001). In serial postoperative gait analyses, peak knee flexion in the swing phase occurred 0.8% earlier per year in patients with GMFCS level I or II (p= 0.021). Conclusions: RFT as part of a SEMLS was effective in treating stiff knee gait. In serial postoperative gait analyses, patients with GMFCS level I or II showed better prognosis than those with level III with regard to timing of peak knee flexion in the swing phase. Level of evidence: Prognostic level IV.

AB - Background: Although several studies have reported on the outcomes of rectus femoris transfer (RFT), few have investigated the multiple factors that could affect the results. Therefore, we evaluated the outcomes of RFT and analyzed factors that influence improvement and annual change in knee motion after surgery in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: We reviewed ambulatory patients with CP who were followed up after they had undergone RFT as part of a single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) and who had undergone preoperative and postoperative three-dimensional (3D) gait analysis between January 1995 and December 2012. Relevant kinematic values, including peak knee flexion, knee range of motion, and timing of peak knee flexion in the swing phase and gait deviation index (GDI) score, were the outcome measures. Improvements in rate of angle and GDI score were adjusted by multiple factors such as sex, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, anatomic type of CP, and concomitant surgeries as the fixed effects, and follow-up duration, laterality, and each subject as the random effects, all of which was performed using a linear mixed model. Results: A total of 290 patients (487 limbs) and 612 3D gait analysis (2-4 per patient) results were finally included in this study. At 2 years after RFT, estimated mean peak knee flexion (1.2°, p= 0.005), estimated mean knee range of motion (10.7°, p<. 0.001), and estimated mean GDI score (7.3, p<. 0.001) increased significantly. Peak knee flexion in the swing phase occurred 5.4% earlier after surgery compared with that at baseline (p<. 0.001). In serial postoperative gait analyses, peak knee flexion in the swing phase occurred 0.8% earlier per year in patients with GMFCS level I or II (p= 0.021). Conclusions: RFT as part of a SEMLS was effective in treating stiff knee gait. In serial postoperative gait analyses, patients with GMFCS level I or II showed better prognosis than those with level III with regard to timing of peak knee flexion in the swing phase. Level of evidence: Prognostic level IV.

KW - Cerebral palsy

KW - Outcome

KW - Rectus femoris transfer

KW - Single event multilevel surgery

KW - Stiff knee gait

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U2 - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.02.013

DO - 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.02.013

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JO - Gait and Posture

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