OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to explore the temporal changes in fibrous dysplasia (FD) at radiographic follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A total of 138 patients with FD who had undergone extremity radiography at least twice with a minimum 12-month interval between examinations were enrolled in this study. FD was monostotic in 99 patients and polyostotic in 39 patients. Patients were also classified according to skeletal maturity as follows: Patients 16 years old or younger were classified in the skeletally immature group (n = 34), and patients 17 years old or older were classified in the skeletally mature group (n = 104). We compared the initial and follow-up radiographs for the following findings: lesion size, opacity, sclerotic rim, calcification, and trabeculation. RESULTS. Of the 138 patients, radiographic follow-up showed no change in lesion size in 101 patients (73.2%), progression in 31 (22.5%), and regression in six (4.3%). FD in immature bones progressed more often than FD in mature bones (23/34 [67.6%] vs 8/104 [7.7%], respectively; p = 0.000), and polyostotic FD had a greater chance of regressing than monostotic FD (4/39 [10.3%] vs 2/99 [2.0%]; p = 0.032). A temporal change in FD lesion opacity was noticed in a minority of patients (19/138, 13.8%). Variable changes were observed in the sclerotic rim, calcification, and trabeculation. CONCLUSION. The radiographic follow-up of FD showed that approximately a quarter of lesions changed in size over time. Regardless of the change in lesion size, opacity and several morphologic features of FD changed during the follow-up period, which might reflect the histopathologic evolution of FD.
- Fibrous dysplasia
- Natural course