Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging assessment of the infraspinatus and teres minor in massive rotator cuff tear and its significance in clinical outcome after rotator cuff repair

Joo Han Oh, Sung Min Rhee, Joo Hyun Park, Kwang Jin Lee, Ji Young Yoon, Young Dae Jeon, Hyong Suk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Teres minor (TM) muscle hypertrophy in large to massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) has been considered a compensatory change to atrophy of the infraspinatus (ISP). However, few reports have assessed its relation to the prognosis after rotator cuff repair. Methods: A total of 139 patients who underwent arthroscopic repair of large to massive RCTs involving the ISP between January 2013 and December 2015 were retrospectively investigated. Occupational ratios of the ISP (OR_ISP) and TM (OR_TM) were measured by sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Rotator cuff healing was evaluated by MRI 1 year postoperatively, and functional outcomes using the Simple Shoulder Test (SST) and Constant score and external rotator (ER) strength by isokinetic muscle performance test (IMPT) were measured. Results: A total of 116 patients completed the MRI and IMPT at 1 year postoperatively, and functional scores were measured at least 2 years postoperatively. Of these, the repaired tendon had not healed in 34 patients (29%). There was a highly negative correlation between OR_ISP and OR_TM both pre- and postoperatively (Pearson correlation = –0.52 and –0.54, respectively). Preoperative OR_ISP was significantly higher in the healed than in the healing failure group (0.47 ± 0.10 vs. 0.41 ± 0.12, P = .02); however, postoperative OR_ISP and pre- and postoperative OR_TM were not. The preoperative OR_ISP cutoff value for healing was 0.46. For functional outcomes, only postoperative OR_ISP showed a statistical correlation with SST, Constant score (P = .04 and .03, respectively), and ER strength (P = .02). Conclusion: TM muscle hypertrophy in large to massive RCT appears to be a compensatory change in the progression of atrophy of the ISP muscle and was not a significant indicator of either better healing of the repaired rotator cuff tendon or better function. Only preoperative OR_ISP was an independent prognostic factor affecting rotator cuff healing after repair of large to massive RCTs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-62
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Level III
  • Prognosis Study
  • Retrospective Case-Control Design
  • Teres minor muscle
  • functional outcomes
  • hypertrophic change
  • massive rotator cuff tear
  • rotator cuff repair

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