Pseudodystonic Emergencies

Jong Min Kim, Beomseok Jeon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Dystonia is a syndrome of sustained muscle contractions, causing abnormal postures, twisting, and repetitive movements. Dystonic appearance may be mimicked by other neurological diseases or non-neurological disorders in which sustained abnormal postures may be present, but which are not considered a true dystonia, and hence are called pseudodystonia. Some forms of pseudodystonia are neurological emergencies, requiring urgent evaluation and treatment. Atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation, tetanus, neoplastic torticollis, and infectious/inflammatory torticollis all require appropriate measures; otherwise, they will result in medical disasters. In this chapter, we discuss causes, evaluation, and management of pseudodystonic emergencies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCurrent Clinical Neurology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NameCurrent Clinical Neurology
ISSN (Print)1559-0585
ISSN (Electronic)2524-4043


  • Atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation
  • Dystonia
  • Infectious/inflammatory torticollis
  • Neoplastic torticollis
  • Pseudodystonia
  • Tetanus


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