Prominent seasonal variation in pulmonary embolism than deep vein thrombosis incidence: a korean venous thrombosis epidemiology study

Junshik Hong, Ju Hyun Lee, Ji Yun Lee, Jeong Ok Lee, Won Il Choi, So Yeon Ahn, Youn Hee Lim, Soo Mee Bang, Doyeun Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Aims: Seasonal variation is an environmental factor proposed to affect the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, VTE seasonal variation is not well studied in Asian populations, which have different genetic determinants of VTE compared to Westerners. The present study aimed at in-vestigating seasonal variation of VTE occurrence and the effect of various demo-graphic factors (i.e., age, sex, and co-morbidities) on variation. Methods: VTE seasonal variation was evaluated in 59,626 index cases (from January 2009 to December 2013) in the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database. We quantified and compared VTE occurrence across four seasons, and additionally assessed monthly through a chronobiological analysis. Results: VTE incidence varied both seasonally and monthly, with new cases peak-ing in the winter ( January and February) and the lowest incidence in the summer (August and September). After adjusting for sex, age, type of VTE, and combined cancer diagnosis, winter remained a significant independent factor driving VTE incidence. Additionally, seasonal variation was prominent in patients aged 60 years or older and in patients with pulmonary embolism, but not so prominent in patients of aged less than 60 years and patients with deep vein thrombosis. Conclusions: Seasonal variation was a weak but independent contributor to VTE incidence in a Korean population diagnosed from 2009 to 2013, especially in those individuals with old age or suffering from a pulmonary embolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-691
Number of pages10
JournalKorean Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Deep vein throm-bosis
  • Epidemiology
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Seasons
  • Venous thromboembolism

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