There are limited data evaluating conformation of antithrombotic therapy usage to the guideline recommendations. We investigated clinical trends and prognoses of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) according to anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents beyond 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We analyzed the records of patients with AF who underwent PCI using the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). The safety outcome was bleeding complications. Of 4193 participants, 81.6% received antiplatelet therapy, whereas 27.3% had oral anticoagulant (OAC)based therapy at 18 months after PCI. The dominant therapy was dual antiplatelet therapy (37.2%), and only 3.3% of participants had OAC monotherapy. At the 1-year follow-up, the incidence of MACE was significantly lower among those receiving a combination of OAC and single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) than among those receiving OAC monotherapy (4.78% vs. 9.42%, p = 0.017). Bleeding complication events (5.01% vs. 5.80%, p = 0.587) did not differ between the groups. In clinical practice, most patients with AF who underwent PCI continued to receive antiplatelet agents beyond 1-year post-PCI. OAC with SAPT seemed to be more effective than OAC monotherapy, without a difference in safety.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Percutaneous coronary intervention