Prevention and treatment of healthcare-associated infections

Mee Soo Chang, Jun Hee Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Healthcare-associated infections are infections that develop within a hospital and were not present or incubating upon admission. Almost all healthcare-associated infections become evident 2 days after admission. A patient may develop a healthcare-associated infection after hospital discharge if the pathogen was acquired in the hospital. Healthcare-associated infections most frequently involve the urinary tract, surgical sites, the lower respiratory tract, and the bloodstream, with Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus being the most common pathogens identified. The microorganisms of healthcare-associated infections are usually more antimicrobial resistant than the same ones of community origin. Prevention of healthcare-associated infections, as well as those related to intravenous devices, requires standard infection control procedures: in other words, universal precautions including hand hygiene by all healthcare workers. Management of healthcare-associated infections includes supportive care, underlying disease treatment, displacement of an intravenous or intraurethral device and appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Healthcareassociated infections are not only a personal health issue but also a public health issue; therefore, the public and the government should cooperate to contribute to developing and implementing rational solutions for these infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-628
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Korean Medical Association
Volume59
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016

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Cross Infection
Therapeutics
Infection
Universal Precautions
Hand Hygiene
Equipment and Supplies
Infection Control
Urinary Tract
Respiratory System
Staphylococcus aureus
Public Health
Escherichia coli
Delivery of Health Care
Health

Keywords

  • Cross infection
  • Prevention & control
  • Therapeutics

Cite this

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abstract = "Healthcare-associated infections are infections that develop within a hospital and were not present or incubating upon admission. Almost all healthcare-associated infections become evident 2 days after admission. A patient may develop a healthcare-associated infection after hospital discharge if the pathogen was acquired in the hospital. Healthcare-associated infections most frequently involve the urinary tract, surgical sites, the lower respiratory tract, and the bloodstream, with Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus being the most common pathogens identified. The microorganisms of healthcare-associated infections are usually more antimicrobial resistant than the same ones of community origin. Prevention of healthcare-associated infections, as well as those related to intravenous devices, requires standard infection control procedures: in other words, universal precautions including hand hygiene by all healthcare workers. Management of healthcare-associated infections includes supportive care, underlying disease treatment, displacement of an intravenous or intraurethral device and appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Healthcareassociated infections are not only a personal health issue but also a public health issue; therefore, the public and the government should cooperate to contribute to developing and implementing rational solutions for these infections.",
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Prevention and treatment of healthcare-associated infections. / Chang, Mee Soo; Woo, Jun Hee.

In: Journal of the Korean Medical Association, Vol. 59, No. 8, 01.08.2016, p. 622-628.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Woo, Jun Hee

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AB - Healthcare-associated infections are infections that develop within a hospital and were not present or incubating upon admission. Almost all healthcare-associated infections become evident 2 days after admission. A patient may develop a healthcare-associated infection after hospital discharge if the pathogen was acquired in the hospital. Healthcare-associated infections most frequently involve the urinary tract, surgical sites, the lower respiratory tract, and the bloodstream, with Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus being the most common pathogens identified. The microorganisms of healthcare-associated infections are usually more antimicrobial resistant than the same ones of community origin. Prevention of healthcare-associated infections, as well as those related to intravenous devices, requires standard infection control procedures: in other words, universal precautions including hand hygiene by all healthcare workers. Management of healthcare-associated infections includes supportive care, underlying disease treatment, displacement of an intravenous or intraurethral device and appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Healthcareassociated infections are not only a personal health issue but also a public health issue; therefore, the public and the government should cooperate to contribute to developing and implementing rational solutions for these infections.

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