Prevalence and distribution of MRI abnormalities in the articular cartilage and supporting ligaments in patients with early clinical stage first carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis

Kee Jeong Bae, Hyo Seok Jang, Hyun Sik Gong, Yusuhn Kang, Jihyeung Kim, Goo Hyun Baek

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Abstract

Objective: We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate where articular degeneration begins and which ligaments are most often involved in the early clinical stage first carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ-1) osteoarthritis. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed the MRI findings of 26 patients with early clinical stage CMCJ-1 osteoarthritis and no radiologic abnormalities and 19 control patients without CMCJ-1 pain or osteoarthritis who underwent MRI for dorsal or ulnar wrist pain. Two observers blinded to group and clinical findings independently assessed the presence of chondral defects in four quadrants of the CMCJ-1: volar-ulnar (VU), volar-radial (VR), dorso-ulnar (DU), and dorso-radial (DR). The integrity of the four major ligaments of the CMCJ-1, i.e., the anterior oblique ligament (AOL), the intermetacarpal ligament (IML), the posterior oblique ligament (POL), and the dorsal radial ligament (DRL), was assessed. The observer reliability was analyzed using Cohen’s kappa coefficient. The prevalence of cartilage lesions and ligament abnormalities in the osteoarthritic and control patients was compared using Fisher’s exact test. Results: Cartilage lesions were significantly more common in the VU quadrant of the trapezium in the osteoarthritic patients than in the control patients (17/26 vs. 2/19; P = 0.002). AOL abnormalities were more common in the osteoarthritic patients than in the control patients (14/26 vs. 3/19; P = 0.009). Conclusion: The MRI findings of early clinical stage CMCJ-1 osteoarthritis commonly demonstrated cartilage lesions in the VU quadrant of the trapezium and ligament abnormalities in the AOL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1089-1097
Number of pages9
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

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Keywords

  • Anterior oblique ligament
  • Cartilage lesion
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Thumb carpometacarpal joint

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