Prediction of surgical margin status and location after radical prostatectomy using positive biopsy sites on 12-core standard prostate biopsy

Hyeon Jeong, Min Soo Choo, Min Chul Cho, Hwancheol Son, Sangjun Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We evaluated the surgical margin status after radical prostatectomy according to sites positive for prostate cancer on standard 12-core transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. Among patients who underwent radical prostatectomy at Boramae Medical Center, 520 patients with preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level < 20 ng/mL and locally confined prostate cancer on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging, treated with nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy, were included in the analysis. The surgical margin was positive for cancer in 166 (31.9% of the total) patients. The preoperative PSA level (9.3 vs. 8.0, ng/mL p = 0.001) and number of positive cores on 12-core prostate biopsy (4.1 vs. 3.4, p = 0.003) were significantly higher in patients with positive surgical margins. Moreover, the biopsy Gleason grade was higher in patients with positive surgical margins (p = 0.001). However, the pathologic Gleason grade and tumor volume were equivalent between the 2 groups. On multivariate analysis, the detection of prostate cancer on anterior lateral biopsy was associated with an increased rate of positive surgical margins (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.781, p = 0.008) after adjusting for other variables. Anterior lateral (HR: 1.919, p = 0.020), basal lateral (HR: 9.176, p < 0.001), basal medial (HR: 3.302, p = 0.031), and mid lateral (HR: 2.501, p = 0.044) biopsies were associated with positive apical, posterior, basal, and lateral surgical margins, respectively, after adjusting for other variables. The sites of prostate cancer on standard 12-core prostate biopsy could be useful for predicting surgical margin positivity after radical prostatectomy. In other words, clinicians should consider the sites of prostate cancer on prostate biopsy to reduce margin positivity after radical prostatectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4066
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of surgical margin status and location after radical prostatectomy using positive biopsy sites on 12-core standard prostate biopsy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this