With the progression of the aging population, common diseases of the elderly have become the center of attention in most developed countries. Hypertension is one of the most common morbid conditions in the elderly and has a great impact on their health status because it is the main risk factor of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, a considerable amount of uncertainty remains regarding hypertension in the elderly, such as the benefits of hypertension control in oldest-old populations, the optimal level of blood pressure control, and the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs for the prevention of cognitive dysfunction. While there are many controversial issues concerning the optimal management of hypertension in the elderly, the number of elderly hypertensive patients that require treatment is expected to increase due to the aging population. As a result, knowledge regarding the mechanisms of hypertension in the elderly and specific consideration in managing hypertensive elderly patients are needed to improve the clinical outcome. Furthermore, new therapeutic interventions that are aimed at attenuating age-related vascular changes should be investigated, because hypertension in the elderly, especially isolated systolic hypertension has specific characteristics of increased arterial stiffness in most cases.
- Cardiovascular disease