Nutritional deficit as a negative prognostic factor in patients with miliary tuberculosis

D. K. Kim, H. J. Kim, S. Y. Kwon, H. I. Yoon, C. T. Lee, Y. W. Kim, H. S. Chung, S. K. Han, Y. S. Shim, J. H. Lee

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Abstract

The effects of malnutrition on outcomes in miliary tuberculosis (MTB) are not well described. The aim of the present study was to find predictors for the development of acute respiratory failure (ARF) and survival in MTB patients, focusing on parameters reflecting nutritional condition. Out of the patients from three hospitals who had microbiologically or histopathologically confirmed tuberculosis, 56 patients presenting with typical disseminated pulmonary nodules on radiographs were retrospectively enrolled. A four-point nutritional risk score (NRS) was defined according to the presence of four nutritional factors: low body mass index (BMI; <18.5 kg·m-2), hypoalbuminaemia (<30.0 g·L-1), hypocholesterolaemia (<2.33 mmol·L-1) and severe lymphocytopenia (<7 × 10 5 cells·L-1). The male to female ratio was 1:3. ARF developed in 25% of patients (14 out of 56), with a 50% fatality rate. A high NRS (≥3 points) was an independent risk factor for the development of ARF and fatality. In 90-day survival analysis, ARF, severe lymphocytopenia, hypocholesterolaemia, low BMI and higher NRS were risk factors for poor outcome. In multivariate analysis, only high NRS was an independent risk factor for 90-day survival rate in patients with MTB. A high nutritional risk score was a good predictor of poor outcome in miliary tuberculosis patients. Additional approaches to recover the nutritional deficits may become a focus in future management of miliary tuberculosis. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1031-1036
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory failure
  • Malnutrition
  • Miliary tuberculosis
  • Prognosis

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