Nonpolar Liquid Lubricant Submerged Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Current Amplification via Direct Electron Flow

Seh Hoon Chung, Jihoon Chung, Myunghwan Song, Seonwoo Kim, Dongjun Shin, Zong Hong Lin, Bonwook Koo, Dongseob Kim, Jinkee Hong, Sangmin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) can convert a mechanical energy input to an electric energy output through Maxwell's displacement current. By increasing the electrical output and overcoming the mechanical limitations of TENGs, such devices can be used as an auxiliary power source for portable electronics. Nevertheless, the generation mechanism and structure must be optimized to compensate for the electrical and mechanical limitations of TENGs. This paper reports on a nonpolar liquid lubricant submerged TENG (LLS-TENG), which can overcome the existing electrical and mechanical limitations of the TENG. When a nonpolar liquid lubricant is filled in the LLS-TENG, the air breakdown can be effectively blocked owing to the large Debye length of such lubricants. In addition, the rolling friction and lubrication present in the LLS-TENG can significantly reduce the friction wear of the device. Consequently, the LLS-TENG can charge a commercial capacitor and battery by generating a high voltage and current output of up to 200 V and 170 mA, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • current amplification
  • friction wear
  • nonpolar liquid lubricants
  • triboelectric nanogenerators

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