Non-hypoxic transcriptional activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator in concert with a novel hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha isoform

Kyoung Hwa Lee, Jong-Wan Park, Yang Suk Chun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH PAS) protein which dimerizes with other PAS proteins. Although it has a transactivation domain (TAD), ARNT functions as an assistant partner of main factors, such as aryl hydrocarbon receptor and hypoxia-inducible factors, rather than acting as a straightforward transcription factor. However, ARNT may function as an active transcription factor using its TAD either in association with itself, single-minded protein 1, or trachealess protein. In the present study, we identified a novel ARNT partner, a HIF-1α variant, which is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues and cancer cell lines. The HIF-1α variant, designated HIF-1α417 , bound to ARNT and, moreover, stimulated the transcription of the erythropoietin enhancer reporter gene. This stimulation was markedly augmented by ARNT but not by the ARNT603 mutant lacking the TAD. Thus, augmentation by ARNT suggests that ARNT determined the transcriptional activity. HIF-1α417 was found to be associated with ARNT and to bind to the hypoxia response element containing the E-box core. Moreover, HIF-1α417 promoted the nuclear translocation of ARNT, and conversely ARNT stabilized HIF-1α 417. Taken together, our results suggest that HIF-1α417 is a novel partner that is required for transcription activity of ARNT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5499-5511
Number of pages13
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume32
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Dec 2004

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Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Nuclear Translocator
Transcriptional Activation
Protein Isoforms
Hypoxia
Proteins
Transcription Factors
Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptors
Response Elements
Erythropoietin
Reporter Genes

Cite this

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title = "Non-hypoxic transcriptional activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator in concert with a novel hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha isoform",
abstract = "Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH PAS) protein which dimerizes with other PAS proteins. Although it has a transactivation domain (TAD), ARNT functions as an assistant partner of main factors, such as aryl hydrocarbon receptor and hypoxia-inducible factors, rather than acting as a straightforward transcription factor. However, ARNT may function as an active transcription factor using its TAD either in association with itself, single-minded protein 1, or trachealess protein. In the present study, we identified a novel ARNT partner, a HIF-1α variant, which is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues and cancer cell lines. The HIF-1α variant, designated HIF-1α417 , bound to ARNT and, moreover, stimulated the transcription of the erythropoietin enhancer reporter gene. This stimulation was markedly augmented by ARNT but not by the ARNT603 mutant lacking the TAD. Thus, augmentation by ARNT suggests that ARNT determined the transcriptional activity. HIF-1α417 was found to be associated with ARNT and to bind to the hypoxia response element containing the E-box core. Moreover, HIF-1α417 promoted the nuclear translocation of ARNT, and conversely ARNT stabilized HIF-1α 417. Taken together, our results suggest that HIF-1α417 is a novel partner that is required for transcription activity of ARNT.",
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Non-hypoxic transcriptional activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator in concert with a novel hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha isoform. / Lee, Kyoung Hwa; Park, Jong-Wan; Chun, Yang Suk.

In: Nucleic Acids Research, Vol. 32, No. 18, 06.12.2004, p. 5499-5511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH PAS) protein which dimerizes with other PAS proteins. Although it has a transactivation domain (TAD), ARNT functions as an assistant partner of main factors, such as aryl hydrocarbon receptor and hypoxia-inducible factors, rather than acting as a straightforward transcription factor. However, ARNT may function as an active transcription factor using its TAD either in association with itself, single-minded protein 1, or trachealess protein. In the present study, we identified a novel ARNT partner, a HIF-1α variant, which is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues and cancer cell lines. The HIF-1α variant, designated HIF-1α417 , bound to ARNT and, moreover, stimulated the transcription of the erythropoietin enhancer reporter gene. This stimulation was markedly augmented by ARNT but not by the ARNT603 mutant lacking the TAD. Thus, augmentation by ARNT suggests that ARNT determined the transcriptional activity. HIF-1α417 was found to be associated with ARNT and to bind to the hypoxia response element containing the E-box core. Moreover, HIF-1α417 promoted the nuclear translocation of ARNT, and conversely ARNT stabilized HIF-1α 417. Taken together, our results suggest that HIF-1α417 is a novel partner that is required for transcription activity of ARNT.

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