Non-High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Chronic Kidney Disease: Results from KNOW-CKD Study

on behalf of the Korean Cohort Study for Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD) Investigators

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Abstract

As non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) levels account for all atherogenic lipoproteins, serum non-HDL-C level has been suggested to be a marker for cardiovascular (CV) risk stratification. Therefore, to unveil the association of serum non-HDL-C levels with CV outcomes in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD), the patients at stages 1 to 5 (n = 2152) from the Korean Cohort Study for Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD) were prospectively analyzed. The subjects were divided into quintiles by serum non-HDL-C level. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death or non-fatal CV events. The median duration of follow-up was 6.940 years. The analysis using the Cox proportional hazard model unveiled that the composite CV event was significantly increased in the 5th quintile (adjusted hazard ratio 2.162, 95% confidence interval 1.174 to 3.981), compared to that of the 3rd quintile. A fully adjusted cubic spline model depicted a non-linear, J-shaped association between non-HDL-C and the risk of a composite CV event. The association remained robust in a series of sensitivity analyses, including the analysis of a cause-specific hazard model. Subgroup analyses reveled that the association is not significantly altered by clinical conditions, including age, gender, body mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and albuminuria. In conclusion, high serum non-HDL-C level increased the risk of adverse CV outcomes among the patients with ND-CKD. Further studies are warranted to define the optimal target range of non-HDL-C levels in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3792
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • cardiovascular events
  • cardiovascular risk
  • chronic kidney disease
  • mortality
  • non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol

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