No-touch radiofrequency ablation using multiple electrodes: An in vivo comparison study of switching monopolar versus switching bipolar modes in porcine livers

Won Chang, Jeong Min Lee, Jeong Hee Yoon, Dong Ho Lee, Sang Min Lee, Kyoung Bun Lee, Bo Ram Kim, Tae Hyung Kim, Seunghyun Lee, Joon Koo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the in vivo technical feasibility, efficiency, and safety of switching bipolar (SB) and switching monopolar (SM) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) as a no-touch ablation technique in the porcine liver. Materials and methods The animal care and use committee approved this animal study and 16 pigs were used in two independent experiments. In the first experiment, RFA was performed on 2-cm tumor mimickers in the liver using a no-touch technique in the SM mode (2 groups, SM1: 10 minutes, n = 10; SM2: 15 minutes, n = 10) and SB-mode (1 group, SB: 10 minutes, n = 10). The technical success with sufficient safety margins, creation of confluent necrosis, ablation size, and distance between the electrode and ablation zone margin (DEM), were compared between groups. In the second experiment, thermal injury to the adjacent anatomic organs was compared between SM-RFA (15 minutes, n = 13) and SB-RFA modes (10 minutes, n = 13). Results The rates of the technical success and the creation of confluent necrosis were higher in the SB group than in the SM1 groups (100% vs. 60% and 90% vs. 40%, both p < 0.05). The ablation volume in the SM2 group was significantly larger than that in the SB group (59.2 ±18.7 cm3 vs. 39.8±9.7 cm3, p < 0.05), and the DEM in the SM2 group was also larger than that in the SB group (1.39±0.21 cm vs. 1.07±0.10 cm, p < 0.05). In the second experiment, the incidence of thermal injury to the adjacent organs and tissues in the SB group (23.1%, 3/13) was significantly lower than that in the SM group (69.2%, 8/13) (p = 0.021). Conclusion SB-RFA was more advantageous for a no-touch technique for liver tumors, showing the potential of a better safety profile than SM-RFA.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0176350
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2017

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