Introduction/Aims: The current status of antidepressant use in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), such as the prevalence and factors associated with it, has not been systematically investigated. We aimed to analyze the prevalence and patterns of antidepressant prescriptions in patients with ALS and depression, and to identify factors associated with antidepressant prescriptions after the diagnosis of ALS. Methods: The data of patients with ALS and the prescription of antidepressants were retrieved from the Korean National Health Insurance claims data. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with antidepressant prescriptions. Results: In total, 533 of 2955 patients had depressive disorders, and 426 were prescribed antidepressants. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricyclic antidepressants were the most frequently prescribed drugs. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were 1.379 for the prescription of antidepressants in females. For various age groups, compared with those aged 80 years and older, adjusted ORs were 1.889 for those in their 70s, 2.319 for those in their 60s, 2.872 for those in their 50s, 2.854 for those in their 40s, and 3.363 for those under 40 years of age. Adjusted ORs were 1.662 for patients with a history of a psychiatric disorder and 1.861 for those with a history of psychiatric pharmacotherapy (all P <.05). Discussion: Most patients with ALS who had depression received antidepressant prescriptions. In young females with a previous psychiatric disorder or pharmacotherapy, an in-depth evaluation for a depressive disorder should be performed.
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis