Multilevel Posterior Column Osteotomies Are Not Inferior For the Correction of Rigid Adult Spinal Deformity Compared with Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy

Sanghyun Han, Seong Jae Hyun, Ki Jeong Kim, Tae An Chang, Hyun Jib Kim, Byoung Hun Lee, Ho Yong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Posterior column osteotomy (PCO) has been used for the correction of various spinal deformities. However, little evidence is available regarding the effects of multilevel PCO in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. This study aimed to show the usefulness of PCO in rigid ASD surgery by assessing radiographic and clinical outcomes. We also aimed to assess the corrective potential of multilevel PCOs compared with a single-level pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). Methods Between 2012 and 2016, the medical records of 70 consecutive patients who underwent a multilevel PCO (35 patients) or a single-level PSO (35 patients) for ASD in a single institute were reviewed. Baseline data, radiographic measurements, and clinical outcomes using the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) questionnaire were compared between groups. Results The following variables were no different between the groups: age at surgery, sex, level fused, preoperative and postoperative radiologic parameters, and bone mineral density T score. However, operation time (380.0 vs. 483.6 minutes), estimated blood loss (1175.7 vs. 1362.6 mL), and the number of complications (8 vs. 20) were significantly reduced in the PCO group compared with the PSO group. A significant improvement in the SRS-22 score was seen in both groups after surgery, although no difference was observed between the groups postoperatively. Conclusions Multilevel PCOs for the correction of rigid ASD were slightly superior to PSO, regarding clinical outcomes. Radiographic outcomes were similar between groups. Thus, multilevel PCOs may be a viable option for the treatment of rigid ASD with a mobile segment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-845
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume107
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

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Osteotomy
Scoliosis
Research
Bone Density
Medical Records
Age Groups

Keywords

  • Adult spinal deformity
  • Clinical outcome
  • Pedicle subtraction osteotomy
  • Posterior column osteotomy
  • Radiographic outcome

Cite this

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title = "Multilevel Posterior Column Osteotomies Are Not Inferior For the Correction of Rigid Adult Spinal Deformity Compared with Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy",
abstract = "Background Posterior column osteotomy (PCO) has been used for the correction of various spinal deformities. However, little evidence is available regarding the effects of multilevel PCO in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. This study aimed to show the usefulness of PCO in rigid ASD surgery by assessing radiographic and clinical outcomes. We also aimed to assess the corrective potential of multilevel PCOs compared with a single-level pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). Methods Between 2012 and 2016, the medical records of 70 consecutive patients who underwent a multilevel PCO (35 patients) or a single-level PSO (35 patients) for ASD in a single institute were reviewed. Baseline data, radiographic measurements, and clinical outcomes using the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) questionnaire were compared between groups. Results The following variables were no different between the groups: age at surgery, sex, level fused, preoperative and postoperative radiologic parameters, and bone mineral density T score. However, operation time (380.0 vs. 483.6 minutes), estimated blood loss (1175.7 vs. 1362.6 mL), and the number of complications (8 vs. 20) were significantly reduced in the PCO group compared with the PSO group. A significant improvement in the SRS-22 score was seen in both groups after surgery, although no difference was observed between the groups postoperatively. Conclusions Multilevel PCOs for the correction of rigid ASD were slightly superior to PSO, regarding clinical outcomes. Radiographic outcomes were similar between groups. Thus, multilevel PCOs may be a viable option for the treatment of rigid ASD with a mobile segment.",
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Multilevel Posterior Column Osteotomies Are Not Inferior For the Correction of Rigid Adult Spinal Deformity Compared with Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy. / Han, Sanghyun; Hyun, Seong Jae; Kim, Ki Jeong; Chang, Tae An; Kim, Hyun Jib; Lee, Byoung Hun; Choi, Ho Yong.

In: World Neurosurgery, Vol. 107, 01.11.2017, p. 839-845.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Multilevel Posterior Column Osteotomies Are Not Inferior For the Correction of Rigid Adult Spinal Deformity Compared with Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy

AU - Han, Sanghyun

AU - Hyun, Seong Jae

AU - Kim, Ki Jeong

AU - Chang, Tae An

AU - Kim, Hyun Jib

AU - Lee, Byoung Hun

AU - Choi, Ho Yong

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Background Posterior column osteotomy (PCO) has been used for the correction of various spinal deformities. However, little evidence is available regarding the effects of multilevel PCO in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. This study aimed to show the usefulness of PCO in rigid ASD surgery by assessing radiographic and clinical outcomes. We also aimed to assess the corrective potential of multilevel PCOs compared with a single-level pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). Methods Between 2012 and 2016, the medical records of 70 consecutive patients who underwent a multilevel PCO (35 patients) or a single-level PSO (35 patients) for ASD in a single institute were reviewed. Baseline data, radiographic measurements, and clinical outcomes using the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) questionnaire were compared between groups. Results The following variables were no different between the groups: age at surgery, sex, level fused, preoperative and postoperative radiologic parameters, and bone mineral density T score. However, operation time (380.0 vs. 483.6 minutes), estimated blood loss (1175.7 vs. 1362.6 mL), and the number of complications (8 vs. 20) were significantly reduced in the PCO group compared with the PSO group. A significant improvement in the SRS-22 score was seen in both groups after surgery, although no difference was observed between the groups postoperatively. Conclusions Multilevel PCOs for the correction of rigid ASD were slightly superior to PSO, regarding clinical outcomes. Radiographic outcomes were similar between groups. Thus, multilevel PCOs may be a viable option for the treatment of rigid ASD with a mobile segment.

AB - Background Posterior column osteotomy (PCO) has been used for the correction of various spinal deformities. However, little evidence is available regarding the effects of multilevel PCO in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. This study aimed to show the usefulness of PCO in rigid ASD surgery by assessing radiographic and clinical outcomes. We also aimed to assess the corrective potential of multilevel PCOs compared with a single-level pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). Methods Between 2012 and 2016, the medical records of 70 consecutive patients who underwent a multilevel PCO (35 patients) or a single-level PSO (35 patients) for ASD in a single institute were reviewed. Baseline data, radiographic measurements, and clinical outcomes using the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) questionnaire were compared between groups. Results The following variables were no different between the groups: age at surgery, sex, level fused, preoperative and postoperative radiologic parameters, and bone mineral density T score. However, operation time (380.0 vs. 483.6 minutes), estimated blood loss (1175.7 vs. 1362.6 mL), and the number of complications (8 vs. 20) were significantly reduced in the PCO group compared with the PSO group. A significant improvement in the SRS-22 score was seen in both groups after surgery, although no difference was observed between the groups postoperatively. Conclusions Multilevel PCOs for the correction of rigid ASD were slightly superior to PSO, regarding clinical outcomes. Radiographic outcomes were similar between groups. Thus, multilevel PCOs may be a viable option for the treatment of rigid ASD with a mobile segment.

KW - Adult spinal deformity

KW - Clinical outcome

KW - Pedicle subtraction osteotomy

KW - Posterior column osteotomy

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